Items where Author is "Cairncross, S. "

Up a level
Export as [feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0
Group by: Year | Item Type | Full Text
Jump to: 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001
Number of items: 134.

2017

Mol, MP; Pereira, AF; Greco, DB; Cairncross, S; Heller, L; (2017) Assessment of work-related accidents associated with waste handling in Belo Horizonte (Brazil). Waste Manag Res. 734242X17722209. ISSN 1096-3669 DOI: 10.1177/0734242X17722209 Full text not available from this repository.

Ravenscroft, P; Mahmud, ZH; Islam, MS; Hossain, AKMZ; Zahid, A; Saha, GC; Zulfiquar Ali, AHM; Islam, K; Cairncross, S; Clemens, JD; +1 more... (2017) The public health significance of latrines discharging to groundwater used for drinking. Water research, 124. pp. 192-201. ISSN 0043-1354 DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2017.07.049 Full text not available from this repository.

Tayeh, A; Cairncross, S; Cox, FEG; (2017) Guinea worm: from Robert Leiper to eradication. Parasitology. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0031-1820 DOI: 10.1017/S0031182017000683 Full text not available from this repository.

2016

Mol, MP; Gonçalves, JP; Silva, EA; Scarponi, CF; Greco, DB; Cairncross, S; Heller, L; (2016) Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C among domestic and healthcare waste handlers in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Waste Manag Res, 34 (9). pp. 875-83. ISSN 1096-3669 DOI: 10.1177/0734242X16649686 Full text not available from this repository.

Moreland, LD; Gore, FM; Andre, N; Cairncross, S; Ensink, JH; (2016) Monitoring the inputs required to extend and sustain hygiene promotion: findings from the GLAAS 2013/2014 survey. Tropical medicine & international health , 21 (8). pp. 1029-1039. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12723 Full text not available from this repository.

2015

Antwi-Agyei, P; Cairncross, S; Peasey, A; Price, V; Bruce, J; Baker, K; Moe, C; Ampofo, J; Armah, G; Ensink, J; (2015) A Farm to Fork Risk Assessment for the Use of Wastewater in Agriculture in Accra, Ghana. PLoS One, 10 (11). e0142346. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142346
[img]

Clasen, TF; Alexander, KT; Sinclair, D; Boisson, S; Peletz, R; Chang, HH; Majorin, F; Cairncross, S; (2015) Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev (10). CD004794. ISSN 1469-493X DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004794.pub3
[img]

Das, P; Baker, KK; Dutta, A; Swain, T; Sahoo, S; Das, BS; Panda, B; Nayak, A; Bara, M; Bilung, B; +4 more... (2015) Menstrual Hygiene Practices, WASH Access and the Risk of Urogenital Infection in Women from Odisha, India. PLoS One, 10 (6). e0130777. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130777
[img]

Ensink, JH; Bastable, A; Cairncross, S; (2015) Assessment of a membrane drinking water filter in an emergency setting. Journal of water and health, 13 (2). pp. 362-370. ISSN 1477-8920 DOI: 10.2166/wh.2014.025 Full text not available from this repository.

Islam, MS; Islam, MS; Mahmud, ZH; Cairncross, S; Clemens, JD; Collins, AE; (2015) Role of phytoplankton in maintaining endemicity and seasonality of cholera in Bangladesh. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 109 (9). pp. 572-8. ISSN 0035-9203 DOI: 10.1093/trstmh/trv057 Full text not available from this repository.

Mol, MP; Greco, DB; Cairncross, S; Heller, L; (2015) Hepatitis B and C in household and health services solid waste workers. Cadernos de saude publica, 31 Suppl 1. pp. 295-300. ISSN 0102-311X DOI: 10.1590/0102-311X00083814 Full text not available from this repository.

Queiroz, AC; Cardoso, LS; Heller, L; Cairncross, S; (2015) Integrating surveillance data on water-related diseases and drinking-water quality; action-research in a Brazilian municipality. Journal of water and health, 13 (4). pp. 1048-54. ISSN 1477-8920 DOI: 10.2166/wh.2015.078 Full text not available from this repository.

2014

Clasen, T; Pruss-Ustun, A; Mathers, CD; Cumming, O; Cairncross, S; Colford, JM; (2014) Estimating the impact of unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene on the global burden of disease: evolving and alternative methods. Tropical medicine & international health , 19 (8). pp. 884-93. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12330 Full text not available from this repository.

Fonseca, JE; Carneiro, M; Pena, JL; Colosimo, EA; Silva, NB; Costa, AG; Moreira, LE; Cairncross, S; Heller, L; (2014) Reducing Occurrence of Giardia duodenalis in Children Living in Semiarid Regions: Impact of a Large Scale Rainwater Harvesting Initiative. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 8 (6). e2943. ISSN 1935-2727 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002943
[img]

Ghosh, A; Cairncross, S; (2014) The uneven progress of sanitation in India. Journal of water, sanitation, and hygiene for development , 4 (1). pp. 15-22. ISSN 2043-9083 DOI: 10.2166/washdev.2013.185 Full text not available from this repository.

Wolf, J; Prüss-Ustün, A; Cumming, O; Bartram, J; Bonjour, S; Cairncross, S; Clasen, T; Colford, JM; Curtis, V; De France, J; +10 more... (2014) Assessing the impact of drinking water and sanitation on diarrhoeal disease in low- and middle-income settings: systematic review and meta-regression. Tropical medicine & international health , 19 (8). pp. 928-42. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12331 Full text not available from this repository.

2013

Cairncross, S; (2013) Guinea worm. In: Mabey, D; Gill, G; Parry, E; Weber, M; Whitty, C, (eds.) Principles of Medicine in Africa. Cambridge University Press, pp. 476-478. Full text not available from this repository.

Cairncross, S; van Asten, H; Jaffar, S; Junghanss, T; Meyer, CG; Van der Stuyft, P; (2013) The ICMJE authorship criteria: a response from the editors. Tropical medicine & international health , 18 (10). pp. 1162-3. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12174 Full text not available from this repository.

Ensink, JHJ; Cairncross, S; (2013) Abastecimiento de agua, saneamiento, hygiene y salud pública. In: Heller, L, (ed.) Agua y saneamiento; en la búsqueda de nuevos paaradigmas para las Américas. PanAmerican Health Organization, Washington DC, pp. 1-24. Full text not available from this repository.

Freeman, MatthewC; Ogden, Stephanie; Jacobson, Julie; Abbott, Daniel; Addiss, DavidG; Amnie, AsratG; Beckwith, Colin; Cairncross, Sandy; Callejas, Rafael; Colford, Jack M., Jr; +20 more... (2013) Integration of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for the Prevention and Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Rationale for Inter-Sectoral Collaboration. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 7 (9). ISSN 1935-2727 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002439
[img]

Haines, A; Bruce, N; Cairncross, S; Davies, M; Greenland, K; Hiscox, A; Lindsay, S; Lindsay, T; Satterthwaite, D; Wilkinson, P; (2013) Promoting Health and Advancing Development through Improved Housing in Low-Income Settings. Journal of urban health , 90 (5). pp. 810-31. ISSN 1099-3460 DOI: 10.1007/s11524-012-9773-8 Full text not available from this repository.

Islam, MS; Mahmud, ZH; Gope, PS; Zaman, RU; Hossain, Z; Mondal, D; Sharker, MA; Islam, K; Jahan, H; Bhuiya, A; +5 more... (2013) Hygiene intervention reduces contamination of weaning food in Bangladesh. Tropical medicine & international health , 18 (3). pp. 250-258. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12051 Full text not available from this repository.

Touré, O; Coulibaly, S; Arby, A; Maiga, F; Cairncross, S; (2013) Piloting an intervention to improve microbiological food safety in Peri-Urban Mali. International journal of hygiene and environmental health, 216 (2). pp. 138-45. ISSN 1438-4639 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2012.02.003 Full text not available from this repository.

Watts, C; Cairncross, S; (2013) Should the GBD risk factor rankings be used to guide policy? Lancet, 380 (9859). pp. 2060-1. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)62121-7 Full text not available from this repository.

2012

Cairncross, S; Tayeh, A; Korkor, AS; (2012) Why is dracunculiasis eradication taking so long? Trends in parasitology, 28 (6). pp. 225-30. ISSN 1471-4922 DOI: 10.1016/j.pt.2012.03.003 Full text not available from this repository.

Dil, Y; Strachan, D; Cairncross, S; Korkor, AS; Hill, Z; (2012) Motivations and Challenges of Community-Based Surveillance Volunteers in the Northern Region of Ghana. Journal of community health, 37 (6). pp. 1192-1198. ISSN 0094-5145 DOI: 10.1007/s10900-012-9569-5 Full text not available from this repository.

Strina, A; Rodrigues, LC; Cairncross, S; Ferrer, SR; Fialho, AM; Leite, JPG; Ribeiro, HC; Barreto, ML; (2012) Factors associated with rotavirus diarrhoea in children living in a socially diverse urban centre in Brazil. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 106 (7). pp. 445-451. ISSN 0035-9203 DOI: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2012.02.001 Full text not available from this repository.

2011

Barreto, ML; Genser, B; Strina, A; Teixeira, MG; Assis, AM; Rego, RF; Teles, CA; Prado, MS; Matos, S; Alcântara-Neves, NM; +1 more... (2011) Impact of a City-Wide Sanitation Programme in Northeast Brazil on Intestinal Parasites Infection in Young Children. Environmental health perspectives, 118 (11). pp. 1637-42. ISSN 0091-6765 DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1002058
[img]

Cairncross, S; (2011) Personal notice. Tropical medicine & international health , 16 (5). p. 659. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2011.02779.x Full text not available from this repository.

Santos, AC; Roberts, JA; Barreto, ML; Cairncross, S; (2011) Demand for sanitation in Salvador, Brazil: A hybrid choice approach. Social science & medicine (1982), 72 (8). pp. 1325-32. ISSN 0277-9536 DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.02.018 Full text not available from this repository.

Schmidt, WP; Arnold, BF; Boisson, S; Genser, B; Luby, SP; Barreto, ML; Clasen, T; Cairncross, S; (2011) Epidemiological methods in diarrhoea studies--an update. International journal of epidemiology, 40 (6). pp. 1678-92. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyr152
[img]

Teixeira, MG; Barreto, ML; Costa, M; Ferreira, LDA; Morato, V; Vasconcelos, PF; Cairncross, S; (2011) HETEROGENEITY OF RISK FACTORS OF DENGUE VIRUS INFECTION IN AN URBAN SETTING. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 65. A371-A372. ISSN 0143-005X DOI: 10.1136/jech.2011.142976m.72 Full text not available from this repository.

Toure, O; Coulibaly, S; Arby, A; Maiga, F; Cairncross, S; (2011) Improving microbiological food Safety in pen-urban Mali; an experimental study. Food control, 22 (10). pp. 1565-1572. ISSN 0956-7135 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2011.03.012 Full text not available from this repository.

2010

Cairncross, S; Bartram, J; Cumming, O; Brocklehurst, C; (2010) Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: What Needs to Be Done? PLoS medicine, 7 (11). e1000365. ISSN 1549-1277 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000365
[img]

Ramos da Silva, S; Heller, L; de Campos Valadares, J; Cairncross, S; (2010) Relationship (or its lack) between population and a water and sanitation service: a study of users' perception in Vitória (ES) Brazil. Journal of water and health, 8 (4). pp. 764-78. ISSN 1477-8920 DOI: 10.2166/wh.2010.067 Full text not available from this repository.

2009

Fung, IC; Cairncross, S; (2009) Ascariasis and handwashing. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 103 (3). pp. 215-22. ISSN 0035-9203 DOI: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.08.003 Full text not available from this repository.

Mathew, K; Zachariah, S; Shordt, K; Snel, M; Cairncross, S; Biran, A; , SchmidtWP; (2009) The sustainability and impact of school sanitation, water and hygiene education in southern India. Waterlines, 28 (4). pp. 275-292. DOI: 10.3362/1756-3488.2009.029 Full text not available from this repository.

Tayeh, A; Cairncross, S; (2009) Certification of disease eradication: lessons from dracunculiasis. Tropical medicine & international health , 14 (12). pp. 1431-1436. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2009.02393.x Full text not available from this repository.

2008

Chandramohan, D; Shibuya, K; Setel, P; Cairncross, S; Lopez, AD; Murray, CJ; Zaba, B; Snow, RW; Binka, F; (2008) Should data from demographic surveillance systems be made more widely available to researchers. PLoS medicine, 5 (2). e57. ISSN 1549-1277 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050057
[img]

Ferrer, SR; Strina, A; Jesus, SR; Ribeiro, HC; Cairncross, S; Rodrigues, LC; Barreto, ML; (2008) A hierarchical model for studying risk factors for childhood diarrhoea: a case-control study in a middle-income country. International journal of epidemiology, 37 (4). pp. 805-15. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyn093 Full text not available from this repository.

Genser, B; Strina, A; Dos Santos, LA; Teles, CA; Prado, MS; Cairncross, S; Barreto, ML; (2008) Impact of a city-wide sanitation intervention in a large urban centre on social, environmental and behavioural determinants of childhood diarrhoea: analysis of two cohort studies. International journal of epidemiology, 37 (4). pp. 831-840. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyn101 Full text not available from this repository.

2007

Barreto, ML; Genser, B; Strina, A; Teixeira, MG; Assis, AMO; Rego, RF; Teles, CA; Prado, MS; Matos, SMA; Santos, DN; +2 more... (2007) Effect of city-wide sanitation programme on reduction in rate of childhood diarrhoea in northeast Brazil: assessment by two cohort studies. Lancet, 370 (9599). pp. 1622-1628. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61638-9
[img]

Barreto, ML; Genser, B; Strina, A; Teixeira, MG; Assis, AMO; Rego, RF; Teles, CA; Prado, MS; Matos, SMA; Santos, DN; +2 more... (2007) Impact on diarrhoea of a city-wide sanitation programme in Northeast Brazil. Lancet, 370 (9599). pp. 1622-1628. ISSN 0140-6736 Full text not available from this repository.

Bostoen, Kristof; (2007) Measuring Access and Practice: Designing a Survey Methodology for the Hygiene, Sanitation and Water Sector. PhD thesis, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
[img]

Clasen, T; Cairncross, S; Haller, L; Bartram, J; Walker, D; (2007) Cost-effectiveness of water quality interventions for preventing diarrhoeal disease in developing countries. Journal of water and health, 5 (4). pp. 599-608. ISSN 1477-8920 DOI: 10.2166/wh.2007.010 Full text not available from this repository.

Tayeh, A; Cairncross, S; (2007) Dracunculiasis eradication by 2009: will endemic countries meet the target? Tropical medicine & international health , 12 (12). pp. 1403-1408. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01947.x Full text not available from this repository.

Teixeira, M; Barreto, M; Costa, M; Ferreira, L; Morato, V; Vasconcelos, P; Cairncross, S; (2007) Exposure to the risk of dengue virus infection in an urban setting: ecological versus individual heterogeneity. Dengue Bulletin, 31. pp. 36-46. Full text not available from this repository.

2006

Cairncross, S; Valdmanis, V; (2006) Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion (Chapter 41). In: Jamison, DT; Breman, JG; Measham, AR; , etal, (eds.) Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. The World Bank , Washington DC, pp. 771-792. ISBN In press Full text not available from this repository.

Fung, ICH; Cairncross, S; (2006) Effectiveness of handwashing in preventing SARS: a review. Tropical medicine & international health , 11 (11). pp. 1749-58. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01734.x Full text not available from this repository.

Waterkeyn, Juliet Anne Virginia; (2006) Cost-effective health promotion and hygiene behaviour change through community health clubs in Zimbabwe. PhD thesis, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
[img]

2005

Cairncross, S; Shordt, K; Zacharia, S; Govindan, BK; (2005) What causes sustainable changes in hygiene behaviour? A cross-sectional study from Kerala, India. Social science & medicine (1982), 61 (10). pp. 2212-20. ISSN 0277-9536 DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.04.019 Full text not available from this repository.

Ezzati, M; Utzinger, J; Cairncross, S; Cohen, AJ; Singer, BH; (2005) Environmental risks in the developing world: exposure indicators for evaluating interventions, programmes, and policies. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 59 (1). pp. 15-22. ISSN 0143-005X DOI: 10.1136/jech.2003.019471 Full text not available from this repository.

Oum, S; Chandramohan, D; Cairncross, S; (2005) Community-based surveillance: a pilot study from rural Cambodia. Tropical medicine & international health , 10 (7). pp. 689-697. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01445.x Full text not available from this repository.

Prado, MS; Cairncross, S; Strina, A; Barreto, ML; Oliveira-Assis, AM; Rego, S; (2005) Asymptomatic giardiasis and growth in young children; a longitudinal study in Salvador, Brazil. Parasitology, 131 (Pt 1). pp. 51-6. ISSN 0031-1820 DOI: 10.1017/s0031182005007353
[img]

Strina, A; Cairncross, S; Prado, MS; Teles, CA; Barreto, ML; (2005) Childhood diarrhoea symptoms, management and duration: observations from a longitudinal community study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 99 (6). pp. 407-16. ISSN 0035-9203 DOI: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2004.07.007 Full text not available from this repository.

2004

Aiga, H; Amano, T; Cairncross, S; Domako, JA; Nanas, OK; Coleman, S; (2004) ASSESSING WATER-RELATED RISK FACTORS FOR BURULI ULCER: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY IN GHANA. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 71 (4). pp. 387-92. ISSN 0002-9637 Full text not available from this repository.

Cairncross, S; Muller, R; (2004) Dracunculiasis. In: Kamel, R; Lumley, J, (eds.) Textbook of Tropical Surgery. Westminster Publishing, London, pp. 1053-1055. Full text not available from this repository.

Cairncross, S; Shordt, K; (2004) It does last! Some findings from a multi-country study of hygiene sustainability. pp. 4-7. Full text not available from this repository.

Jensen, PK; Jayasinghe, G; van der Hoek, W; Cairncross, S; Dalsgaard, A; (2004) Is there an association between bacteriological drinking water quality and childhood diarrhoea in developing countries? Tropical medicine & international health . p. 1210. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2004.01329.x Full text not available from this repository.

2003

Cairncross, S; (2003) Editorial: Handwashing with soap - a new way to prevent ARIs? Tropical medicine & international health , 8 (8). pp. 677-9. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01096.x Full text not available from this repository.

Cairncross, S; (2003) Editorial: Water supply and sanitation: some misconceptions. Tropical medicine & international health , 8 (3). pp. 193-5. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01027.x Full text not available from this repository.

Cairncross, S; O'Neill, D; McCoy, A; Sethi, D; (2003) Health, Environment and the Burden of Disease; a Guidance Note. Technical Report. Department for International Development, London.
[img]

Jensen, PK; Ensink, JH; Jayasinghe, G; van der Hoek, W; Cairncross, S; Dalsgaard, A; (2003) Effect of chlorination of drinking-water on water quality and childhood diarrhoea in a village in Pakistan. Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 21 (1). pp. 26-31. ISSN 1606-0997 Full text not available from this repository.

Prado, MS; Strina, A; Barreto, ML; Oliveira-Assis, AM; Paz, LM; Cairncross, S; (2003) Risk factors for infection with Giardia duodenalis in pre-school children in the city of Salvador, Brazil. Epidemiology and infection, 131 (2). pp. 899-906. ISSN 0950-2688 DOI: 10.1017/s0950268803001018
[img]

Strina, A; Cairncross, S; Barreto, ML; Larrea, C; Prado, MS; (2003) Childhood diarrhea and observed hygiene behavior in Salvador, Brazil. American journal of epidemiology, 157 (11). pp. 1032-1038. ISSN 0002-9262 DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwg075 Full text not available from this repository.

2002

Cairncross, S; Muller, R; Zagaria, N; (2002) Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) and the eradication initiative. Clinical microbiology reviews, 15 (2). pp. 223-46. ISSN 0893-8512 DOI: 10.1128/cmr.15.2.223-246.2002 Full text not available from this repository.

Jensen, PK; Ensink, JHJ; Jayasinghe, G; van der Hoek, W; Cairncross, S; Dalsgaard, A; (2002) Domestic transmission routes of pathogens: the problem of in- house contamination of drinking water during storage in developing countries. Tropical medicine & international health , 7 (7). pp. 604-9. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3156.2002.00901.x Full text not available from this repository.

Teixeira, MD; Barreto, ML; Costa, MDN; Ferreira, LDA; Vasconcelos, PFC; Cairncross, S; (2002) Dynamics of dengue virus circulation: a silent epidemic in a complex urban area. Tropical medicine & international health , 7 (9). pp. 757-62. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3156.2002.00930.x Full text not available from this repository.

de Almeida, LM; Amaku, M; Azevedo, RS; Cairncross, S; Massad, E; (2002) The intensity of transmission of hepatitis A and heterogeneities in socio-environmental risk factors in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 96 (6). pp. 605-610. ISSN 0035-9203 Full text not available from this repository.

2001

Almeida, LM; Werneck, GL; Cairncross, S; Coeli, CM; Costa, MCE; Coletty, PE; (2001) The epidemiology of hepatitis A in Rio de Janeiro: environmental and domestic risk factors. Epidemiology and infection, 127 (2). pp. 327-33. ISSN 0950-2688
[img]

Bradley, D; Cairncross, S; Haines, A; Stephens, C; (2001) Health and sustainable development. [Conference or Workshop Item] Full text not available from this repository.

Jensen, PK; Matsuno, Y; van der Hoek, W; Cairncross, S; (2001) Limitations of irrigation water quality guidlines from a multiple use perspective. Irrigation and Drainage Systems, 15 (2). pp. 117-128. Full text not available from this repository.

This list was generated on Mon Oct 23 00:48:50 2017 BST.