Lipophilic conformationally constrained spiro carbocyclic 2,6-diketopiperazine-1-acetohydroxamic acid analogues as trypanocidal and leishmanicidal agents: an extended SAR study.


Zoidis, G; Tsotinis, A; Tsatsaroni, A; Taylor, MC; Kelly, JM; Efstathiou, A; Smirlis, D; Fytas, G; (2017) Lipophilic conformationally constrained spiro carbocyclic 2,6-diketopiperazine-1-acetohydroxamic acid analogues as trypanocidal and leishmanicidal agents: an extended SAR study. Chemical biology & drug design. ISSN 1747-0277 DOI: 10.1111/cbdd.13088

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

We have previously described a number of lipophilic conformationally constrained spiro carbocyclic 2,6-diketopiperazine (2,6-DKP)-1-acetohydroxamic acids as potent anti-trypanosomal agents. In this report, we extend the SAR analysis in this class of compounds with respect to in vitro growth inhibition of Trypanosoma and Leishmania parasites. Introduction of bulky hydrophobic substituents at the vicinal position of the basic nitrogen atom in the spiro carbocyclic 2,6-DKP ring system can provide analogues which are potently active against bloodstream-form T. brucei and exhibit significant activities towards T. cruzi epimastogotes and L. infantum promastogotes and intracellular amastigotes. In particular, compounds possessing a benzyl or 4-chlorobenzyl substituent were found to be the most active growth inhibitors, with activities in the low nanomolar and low micromolar ranges for T. brucei and L. infantum, respectively. The benzyl substituted (S)-enantiomer was the most potent derivative against T. brucei (IC50 =6.8 nM), T. cruzi (IC50 =0.21 μΜ) and L. infantum promastigotes (IC50 =2.67 μM) and intracellular amastigotes (IC50 =2.60 μM). Moreover, the (R)-chiral benzyl substituted derivative and its racemic counterpart displayed significant activities against L. donovani. Importantly, the active compounds show high selectivity in comparison with two mammalian cell lines. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
Research Centre: Antimicrobial Resistance Centre (AMR)
PubMed ID: 28834291
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4276919

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
7Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item