A Community-based study of risk factors for Trichomonas vaginalis infection among women and their male partners in Moshi urban district, northern Tanzania


Klinger, EV; Kapiga, SH; Sam, NE; Aboud, S; Chen, CY; Ballard, RC; Larsen, U; (2006) A Community-based study of risk factors for Trichomonas vaginalis infection among women and their male partners in Moshi urban district, northern Tanzania. Sexually transmitted diseases, 33 (12). pp. 712-8. ISSN 0148-5717 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.olq.0000222667.42207.08

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine predictors of Trichomonas vaginalis among women and their partners in Moshi, Tanzania. STUDY DESIGN: Women (N = 1440) and their partners (N = 588) were interviewed and specimens for detection of T. vaginalis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) were collected. RESULTS: Prevalence of T. vaginalis was 10.7% in women and 6.3% in men. Having a partner with T. vaginalis was the strongest risk factor in women (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 19.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 7.84-48.25) and men (adjusted OR, 19.01; 95% CI, 6.8-52.40). Risk of T. vaginalis infection was increased in subjects with less education. Other risk factors in women were daily alcohol consumption, being separated, reporting infertility problems, having a partner who had children with other women, and other STIs; and in men, the risk factor was having no income. T. vaginalis was not associated with HIV-1 in women and men. CONCLUSIONS: Prevention of T. vaginalis and other STIs among couples is a major priority. Reduction of alcohol consumption in women is an important intervention.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adult, Alcohol Drinking, Animals, Community Health Services, DNA, Protozoan/analysis, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sexual Partners, Tanzania/epidemiology, Trichomonas Vaginitis/*epidemiology/etiology/*prevention & control/urine, Trichomonas vaginalis/genetics/isolation & purification, Adult, Alcohol Drinking, Animals, Community Health Services, DNA, Protozoan, analysis, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sexual Partners, Tanzania, epidemiology, Trichomonas Vaginitis, epidemiology, etiology, prevention & control, urine, Trichomonas vaginalis, genetics, isolation & purification
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 16755271
Web of Science ID: 242285500004
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/9905

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