Clinical manifestation of norovirus gastroenteritis in health care settings


Lopman, BA; Reacher, MH; Vipond, IB; Sarangi, J; Brown, DW; (2004) Clinical manifestation of norovirus gastroenteritis in health care settings. Clinical infectious diseases, 39 (3). pp. 318-24. ISSN 1058-4838 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/421948

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Noroviruses are generally believed to cause relatively mild gastroenteritis of short duration in otherwise healthy adults. However, outbreaks in health care settings are common and affect vulnerable populations. During 2002-2003, a total of 4 major hospitals, 11 community hospitals, and 135 nursing homes in the county of Avon, England, were prospectively monitored for outbreaks of gastroenteritis. For 482 hospital staff, 166 nursing home staff, and 266 nursing home residents, the median duration of norovirus gastroenteritis was 2 days, with 75% achieving complete recovery within 3 days. The median duration of norovirus gastroenteritis for 730 hospital patients was 3 days (75% of the patients achieved complete recovery within 5 days), which was significantly longer than that for all other groups (P<.001). Therefore, infection in hospitalized persons may be more severe than that in other groups in the community at large. This increased duration of acute illness should be considered when implementing measures to prevent transmission in hospital settings.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Caliciviridae Infections/*epidemiology, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross Infection/*epidemiology, *Disease Outbreaks, England/epidemiology, Female, Gastroenteritis/*epidemiology/virology, Humans, Infant, Male, Middle Aged, *Norovirus, Nursing Homes, Personnel, Hospital, Prospective Studies, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Caliciviridae Infections, epidemiology, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross Infection, epidemiology, Disease Outbreaks, England, epidemiology, Female, Gastroenteritis, epidemiology, virology, Humans, Infant, Male, Middle Aged, Norovirus, Nursing Homes, Personnel, Hospital, Prospective Studies
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 15306997
Web of Science ID: 222813500005
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/9794

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
331Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item