Epithelializing stent for benign prostatic hyperplasia: A systematic review of the literature

Armitage, JN; Cathcart, PJ; Rashidian, A; de Nigris, E; Emberton, M; van der Meulen, JHP; (2007) Epithelializing stent for benign prostatic hyperplasia: A systematic review of the literature. The Journal of urology, 177 (5). pp. 1619-1624. ISSN 0022-5347 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2007.01.005

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Purpose: We systematically reviewed the literature on the effectiveness, durability and safety of the UroLume (TM) stent for men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Materials and Methods: We searched the MEDLINE (R) and EMBASE (TM) databases for 1989 to 2005. Reference lists of included studies and review articles were also searched. We contacted the UroLume manufacturer and key authors for additional information. Primary outcomes were treatment failure and urological symptom scores. Secondary outcomes were uroflow parameters and minor complications. Two reviewers independently assessed the methodological quality of the studies and extracted data. Results: A total Of 20 case series evaluated the UroLume stent in a total of 990 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Of the patients 84% who were catheter dependent voided spontaneously after stent insertion. Ten studies assessed symptoms before stent insertion and at some point within 1 year after stent insertion. All reported decreases in symptom scores, including Madsen-Iversen by 7.9 to 14.3 points and International Prostate Symptom Score by 10 to 12.4 points. Peak urine flow rates increased by 4.2 to 13.1 ml per second. A total of 104 stents (16%) failed in 606 patients who were evaluable at 1 year and migration was the commonest cause of failure (38 stents or 37%). Most patients initially experienced perineal pain or irritative voiding symptoms following stent placement. Conclusions: Of men who were catheter dependent 84% voided spontaneously after insertion of a UroLume stent and the improvement in symptoms was similar to that seen after transurethral prostate resection. However, 1 of 6 men needed the UroLume removed within a year because of complications. Inadequate followup prevented conclusions on stent durability beyond 1 year. This review supports the recommendation that stents should be considered only in patients at high risk.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: prostate, prostatic hyperplasia, stents, urinary bladder neck, obstruction, prostheses and implants, HIGH-RISK, UROLUME, WALLSTENT, EXPERIENCE, QUALITY, OBSTRUCTION, THERAPY, Humans, Male, Prostatic Hyperplasia, complications, surgery, Prosthesis Implantation, instrumentation, Stents, Treatment Outcome, Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction, etiology, surgery, Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male, methods
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
PubMed ID: 17437773
Web of Science ID: 245764900008
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/9620


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