Access to condoms for female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh


Kumar, GA; Dandona, R; Gutierrez, JP; McPherson, S; Bertozzi, SM; Dandona, L; (2006) Access to condoms for female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh. The National medical journal of India, 19 (6). pp. 306-12. ISSN 0970-258X

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Condoms are an essential part of comprehensive HIV prevention and care programmes. We report the accessibility of male condoms for female sex workers (FSWs) and the associated characteristics that may play a major role in determining access to condoms for FSWs. METHODS: Confidential interviews of 6509 street- and home-based FSWs in 13 districts of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh provided data on the number of paying clients and various aspects of access to free condoms and purchase of condoms. Access to condoms was defined as having ever obtained condoms either through free distribution or through purchase. Multivariate analyses were done separately for street- and home-based FSWs to describe correlates of their access to condoms. The requirement of condoms was assessed based on the number of paying clients during the past 15 days. RESULTS: Data on condom access were available for 6465 (99.3%) FSWs. A total of 2850 (44.1%; 95% CI: 36.2%-52.0%) reported accessing free condoms ever and 2336 (36.1%; 95% CI: 30.6%-41.6%) had purchased condoms ever (not mutually exclusive). The primary sources for condoms were non-governmental organization facilities (73.8%) and pharmacies (79.7%) for free and purchased condoms, respectively. A total of 3510 (54.3%; 95% CI: 48.5%-60.1%) FSWs reported no access to free or purchased condoms during the past 15 days, and this no access was significantly higher for those > 30 years of age, with no schooling, street-based FSWs, and with no participation in a FSW support group (p < 0.001 for each in univariate analysis). Participation in a FSW support group was the main predictor of access to free condoms for both types of FSWs during the past 15 days with multivariate analysis. Condom requirements during the past 15 days were met for 67.5% of FSWs who had accessed only free condoms and for 33.8% of those who had accessed only purchased condoms. CONCLUSIONS: One-fourth of FSWs had never accessed condoms, and a little over half of those who had ever accessed reported no access during the past 15 days. Condom requirements were not met for three-fifths of the FSWs. HIV prevention programmes need to Increase access to free condoms for FSWs in Andhra Pradesh as access to condoms is a necessary prerequisite for condom use.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Condoms/supply & distribution/ utilization, Female, HIV Infections/epidemiology/ prevention & control, Health Behavior, Health Promotion, Health Services Accessibility, Health Services Needs and Demand, Health Surveys, Humans, India/epidemiology, Interviews, Middle Aged, Prostitution, Risk-Taking, Safety, Adolescent, Adult, Condoms, supply & distribution, utilization, Female, HIV Infections, epidemiology, prevention & control, Health Behavior, Health Promotion, Health Services Accessibility, Health Services Needs and Demand, Health Surveys, Humans, India, epidemiology, Interviews, Middle Aged, Prostitution, Risk-Taking, Safety
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
PubMed ID: 17343014
Web of Science ID: 244349600002
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/8856

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