Adverse life events and mental health in middle adolescence


Flouri, E; Kallis, C; (2011) Adverse life events and mental health in middle adolescence. Journal of adolescence, 34 (2). pp. 371-377. ISSN 0140-1971 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.04.001

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Abstract

This study's aim was to search for the appropriate functional form of the effect of proximal cumulative contextual risk (PCCR), measured with number of adverse life events experienced in the last 6 months, on adolescent psychopathology and prosocial behavior, measured with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. The study sample was 171 year ten (aged 14-15) adolescents from predominantly socio-economically disadvantaged families in the UK. Adjustment was made for parental education, and for child's age, gender, and academic achievement, which was measured with results in Standard Attainment Tests in English, mathematics and science taken in the previous year. PCCR predicted total difficulties, emotional symptoms, conduct problems and hyperactivity. The relationship between PCCR and total difficulties and emotional symptoms was non-quadratic; the PCCR/externalizing problems relationship was quadratic. The findings highlight the importance of considering both outcome specificity and non-linear patterns of associations when modelling cumulative contextual risk effects on adolescent psychopathology. (C) 2010 The Association for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cumulative contextual risk, Multivariate response models, Psychopathology, DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE, CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES, RISK-FACTORS, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, ETIOLOGIC FACTORS, PROBLEM BEHAVIOR, CUMULATIVE RISK, CONTEXTUAL RISK, STRENGTHS, CHILDREN
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
PubMed ID: 20434208
Web of Science ID: 290780400017
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/668

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