The growth and strategic functioning of One Health networks: a systematic analysis.

Khan, MS; Rothman-Ostrow, P; Spencer, J; Hasan, N; Sabirovic, M; Rahman-Shepherd, A; Shaikh, N; Heymann, DL; Dar, O; (2018) The growth and strategic functioning of One Health networks: a systematic analysis. The lancet Planetary health, 2 (6). e264-e273. ISSN 2542-5196 DOI:

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The recent increase in attention to linkages between human health, animal health, and the state of the environment has resulted in the rapid growth of networks that facilitate collaboration between these sectors. This study ascertained whether duplication of efforts is occurring across networks, which stakeholders are being engaged, and how frequently monitoring and evaluation of investments is being reported. This study is a systematic analysis of One Health networks (OHNs) in Africa, Asia, and Europe. We defined an OHN as an engagement between two or more discrete organisations with at least two of the following sectors represented: animal health, human health, and the environment or ecosystem. Between June 5 and Sept 29, 2017, we systematically searched for OHNs in PubMed, Google, Google Scholar, and relevant conference websites. No language restrictions were applied, but we were only able to translate from English and French. Data about OHNs, including their year of initiation, sectors of engagement, regions of operation, activities conducted, and stakeholders involved, were extracted with a standardised template and analysed descriptively. After screening 2430 search results, we identified and analysed 100 unique OHNs, of which 86 were formed after 2005. 32 OHNs covered only human and animal health, without engaging with the role of the environment on health. 78 OHNs involved academic bodies and 78 involved government bodies, with for-profit organisations involved in only 23 and community groups involved in only ten. There were few collaborations exclusively between networks in the developing world (four OHNs) and only 15 OHNs reported monitoring and evaluation information. The majority of OHNs worked on supporting communication, collaboration, information sharing, and capacity building. Amid concerns about there being insufficient strategic direction and coordination in the growth of OHNs, our study provides empirical evidence about limitations in stakeholder representation, apparently absent or ambiguous monitoring and evaluation structures, and potential areas of duplication. The collective strategic functioning of OHNs might be improved by more transparent reporting of goals and outcomes of OHN activities, as well as more collaborations led by networks within the developing world and increased attention to environmental health. None.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Research Centre: Antimicrobial Resistance Centre (AMR)
TB Centre
PubMed ID: 29880158


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