Dating and relationship violence among 16-19 year olds in England and Wales: a cross-sectional study of victimization.


Young, H; Turney, C; White, J; Bonell, C; Lewis, R; Fletcher, A; (2017) Dating and relationship violence among 16-19 year olds in England and Wales: a cross-sectional study of victimization. Journal of public health (Oxford, England). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1741-3842 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx139

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Abstract

Dating and relationship violence (DRV) is under-researched in the UK, especially among Further Education (FE) students. This study examines the association between DRV victimization and socio-demographic characteristics, sexual identity and dating and relationship behaviours among 16-19 year olds FE students. Cross-sectional self-report data were collected from 1751 students aged 16-19 at six FE settings in England and Wales. Factor analysis examined the structure of DRV victimization by gender. Multilevel logistic regression examined the odds ratios of DRV victimization according to socio-demographics, sexual identity and dating behaviours. DRV victimization clusters into two categories for females, and three for males. Among females, 46.1% experienced controlling behaviours and 31.6% threatening behaviours; 49.9% of males experienced controlling behaviours, 27.1% threatening behaviours and 5.8% online sexual violence. The odds of DRV victimization were 2-8 times greater for males and 2-4 times greater for females who had ever sent a sexually explicit image. No consistent association was found between DRV and age, spending money per week, educational attainment or meeting partners online. The high prevalence, absence of gender differences and social patterning, suggests DRV victimization may be becoming normalized and is of significant public health importance for young people in England and Wales.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 29136181
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4645775

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