Multiple risks among male and transgender sex workers in Pakistan.

Collumbien, M; Chow, J; Qureshi, AA; Rabbani, A; Hawkes, S; (2008) Multiple risks among male and transgender sex workers in Pakistan. Journal of LGBT health research, 4 (2-3). pp. 71-9. ISSN 1557-4091 DOI:

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


Using data from a qualitative study and a subsequent quantitative survey among 918 male and transgender sex workers (MTSW), we explore the context of multiple risks they face. We show that over one-fifth of MTSW have sex with IDU clients. Combined with high levels of risk behavior and very low levels of risk reduction and knowledge, the extent of sexual networking with men who inject drugs contributes further to the sex workers' health risks. Our findings suggest that isolated interventions with single-risk groups are unlikely to be sufficient to control the spread of the epidemic in Pakistan. We highlight the need for integrated approaches to risk reduction programs among MTSW and IDUs.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 19856740


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item