The production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha is decreased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients following stimulation with the 30-kDa antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.


Lee, JS; Song, CH; Lim, JH; Kim, HJ; Park, JK; Paik, TH; Kim, CH; Kong, SJ; Shon, MH; Jung, SS; Jo, EK; (2003) The production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha is decreased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients following stimulation with the 30-kDa antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Clinical and experimental immunology, 132 (3). pp. 443-9. ISSN 0009-9104 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2249.2003.02172.x

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Abstract

The clearance of intracellular bacteria requires the appropriate induction of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines to recruit macrophages and T cells to the site of infection. In this study, we investigated the production of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-8 and interferon (IFN)-gamma by the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in response to in vitro stimulation with the 30-kDa antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The results were compared with those from cases of newly diagnosed TB (N-TB) and TB with treatment failure (TF-TB), and healthy tuberculin reactors (HTR). The most significantly depressed TNF-alpha levels were found in MDR-TB patients. IFN-gamma production was depressed significantly in all groups of TB patients compared with the HTR group. TNF-alpha secretion in response to the 30-kDa antigen was unchanged by coculturing with recombinant human interferon (rhIFN)-gamma, and was increased dramatically following IL-10 neutralization with an anti-human IL-10 antibody. The IL-8 levels were depressed significantly in MDR-TB patients compared with N-TB patients, but were similar to the IL-8 levels in TF-TB patients. Furthermore, rhTNF-alpha directly increased IL-8 secretion, and neutralizing antibody to TNF-alpha inhibited IL-8 production by the PBMC of MDR-TB patients that were stimulated with the 30-kDa antigen. Taken together, these data suggest that the PBMC of MDR-TB patients typically show TNF-alpha depression in response to the 30-kDa antigen, and this effect is modulated by IL-10. In addition, we highlight the role of TNF-alpha in IL-8 secretion in MDR-TB patients.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
PubMed ID: 12780691
Web of Science ID: 183693900010
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4584

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