Missing... presumed at random: cost-analysis of incomplete data.


Briggs, A; Clark, T; Wolstenholme, J; Clarke, P; (2003) Missing... presumed at random: cost-analysis of incomplete data. Health economics, 12 (5). pp. 377-92. ISSN 1057-9230 DOI: 10.1002/hec.766

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Abstract

When collecting patient-level resource use data for statistical analysis, for some patients and in some categories of resource use, the required count will not be observed. Although this problem must arise in most reported economic evaluations containing patient-level data, it is rare for authors to detail how the problem was overcome. Statistical packages may default to handling missing data through a so-called 'complete case analysis', while some recent cost-analyses have appeared to favour an 'available case' approach. Both of these methods are problematic: complete case analysis is inefficient and is likely to be biased; available case analysis, by employing different numbers of observations for each resource use item, generates severe problems for standard statistical inference. Instead we explore imputation methods for generating 'replacement' values for missing data that will permit complete case analysis using the whole data set and we illustrate these methods using two data sets that had incomplete resource use information.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
PubMed ID: 12720255
Web of Science ID: 182999700004
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4434

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