Alcohol, physical activity, smoking and breast cancer subtypes in a large nested case-control study from the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program.


Ellingjord-Dale, M; Vos, L; Hjerkind, KV; Hjartåker, A; Russnes, HG; Tretli, S; Hofvind, S; Dos-Santos-Silva, I; Ursin, G; (2017) Alcohol, physical activity, smoking and breast cancer subtypes in a large nested case-control study from the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention. ISSN 1055-9965 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-17-0611

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Abstract

To what extent alcohol, smoking and physical activity are associated with the various subtypes of breast cancer is not clear. We took advantage of a large population-based screening cohort to determine whether these risk factors also increase the risk of the poor prognosis subtypes. We conducted a matched case-control study nested within the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program during 2006-2014. A total of 4 402 breast cancer cases with risk factor and receptor data were identified. Five controls were matched to each case on year of birth and year of screening. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) of breast cancer subtypes adjusted for potential confounders. There were 2 761 luminal A-like, 709 luminal B-like HER2 negative, 367 luminal B-like HER2 positive, 204 HER2 positive and 361 triple negative cancers. Current alcohol consumption was associated with breast cancer risk overall (OR 1.26, 95%CI 1.09-1.45) comparing 6+ glasses a week to never drinkers. However, this risk increase was found only for luminal A-like breast cancer. Smoking 20+ cigarettes a day was associated with an OR of 1.41 (95%CI 1.06-1.89) overall, with significant trends for luminal A-like and luminal B-like HER2-negative cancer. Current physical activity (4+hrs/week compared to none) was associated with 15% decreased risk of luminal A-like cancer, but not clearly with other subtypes. In this large study, alcohol, smoking and physical activity were predominantly associated with luminal A-like breast cancer. Alcohol, smoking and physical activity were associated with luminal A-like breast cancer subtype.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 28877889
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4363385

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