Rabies surveillance in dogs in Lao PDR from 2010-2016.


Douangngeun, B; Theppangna, W; Phommachanh, P; Chomdara, K; Phiphakhavong, S; Khounsy, S; Mukaka, M; Dance, DAB; Blacksell, SD; (2017) Rabies surveillance in dogs in Lao PDR from 2010-2016. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 11 (6). e0005609. ISSN 1935-2727 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005609

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Abstract

Rabies is a fatal viral disease that continues to threaten both human and animal health in endemic countries. The Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is a rabies-endemic country in which dogs are the main reservoir and continue to present health risks for both human and animals throughout the country. Passive, laboratory-based rabies surveillance was performed for suspected cases of dog rabies in Vientiane Capital during 2010-2016 and eight additional provinces between 2015-2016 using the Direct Fluorescent Antibody Test (DFAT). There were 284 rabies positive cases from 415 dog samples submitted for diagnosis. 257 cases were from Vientiane Capital (2010-2016) and the remaining 27 cases were submitted during 2015-2016 from Champassak (16 cases), Vientiane Province (4 cases) Xieng Kuang (3 cases) Luang Prabang (2 cases), Saravan (1 case), Saisomboun (1 case) and Bokeo (1 case). There was a significant increase in rabies cases during the dry season (p = 0.004) (November to April; i.e., <100mm of rainfall per month). No significant differences were noted between age, sex, locality of rabies cases. The use of laboratory-based rabies surveillance is a useful method of monitoring rabies in Lao PDR and should be expanded to other provincial centers, particularly where there are active rabies control programs.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 28570561
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3962305

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