Patterns and associations between DAPT cessation and 2-year clinical outcomes in left main/proximal LAD versus other PCI: Results from the Patterns of Non-Adherence to Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Stented Patients (PARIS) registry.


Chandrasekhar, J; Baber, U; Sartori, S; Aquino, M; Tomey, M; Kruckoff, M; Moliterno, D; Henry, TD; Weisz, G; Gibson, CM; Iakovou, I; Kini, A; Faggioni, M; Vogel, B; Farhan, S; Colombo, A; Steg, PG; Witzenbichler, B; Chieffo, A; Cohen, D; Stuckey, T; Ariti, C; Pocock, S; Dangas, G; Mehran, R; (2017) Patterns and associations between DAPT cessation and 2-year clinical outcomes in left main/proximal LAD versus other PCI: Results from the Patterns of Non-Adherence to Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Stented Patients (PARIS) registry. International journal of cardiology. ISSN 0167-5273 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.05.049

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Abstract

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the left main (LM) or proximal left anterior descending artery (pLAD) is considered high-risk as these segments subtend substantial left ventricular myocardial area. We assessed the patterns and associations between dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) cessation and 2-year outcomes in LM/pLAD vs. other PCI from the all-comer PARIS registry. Two-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, definite/probable stent thrombosis or target lesion revascularization. DAPT cessation was predefined as physician-guided permanent discontinuation, temporary interruption, or non-recommended disruption due to non-compliance or bleeding. Of the study population (n=5018), 25.0% (n=1252) underwent LM/pLAD PCI and 75.0% (n=3766) PCI to other segments. Compared to others, LM/pLAD patients presented with fewer comorbidities, less frequent acute coronary syndromes but more multivessel and bifurcation disease treated with greater stent lengths. Two-year adjusted risk of MACE (11.4% vs. 11.6%; HR 1.10, 95% CI 0.90-1.34, p=0.36) was similar between LM/pLAD vs. other patients. DAPT discontinuation was significantly higher (43.3% vs. 39.4%, p=0.01) in LM/pLAD patients with borderline significance for lower disruption (10.0% vs. 14.7%, p=0.059) compared to other patients. DAPT discontinuation was not associated with higher risk of MACE in LM/pLAD (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.34-1.25) or other PCI groups (HR 0.67, 95% CI 0.47-0.95). LM/pLAD PCI was not an independent predictor of 2-year MACE. Compared to other PCI, patients undergoing LM/pLAD PCI had higher rates of physician recommended DAPT discontinuation, however, discontinuation did not result in greater adverse events.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
PubMed ID: 28554669
Web of Science ID: 406038100027
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3928387

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