Linkage to HIV care after home-based HIV counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review.


Ruzagira, E; Baisley, K; Kamali, A; Biraro, S; Grosskurth, H; Wringe, A; Working Group on Linkage to HIV Care, ; (2017) Linkage to HIV care after home-based HIV counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. Tropical medicine & international health . ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12888

This is the latest version of this item. Earlier version may have full text manuscript

[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
License:

Download (167kB) | Preview

Abstract

Home-based HIV counselling and testing (HBHCT) has the potential to increase HIV testing uptake in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) but data on linkage to HIV care after HBHCT are scarce. We conducted a systematic review of linkage to care after HBHCT in SSA. Five databases were searched for studies published between 1(st) January 2000 and 19(th) August 2016 that reported on linkage to care among adults newly identified with HIV infection through HBHCT. Eligible studies were reviewed, assessed for risk of bias and findings summarised using the PRISMA guidelines. 14 studies from six countries met the eligibility criteria; 9 used specific strategies (point-of-care CD4 count testing, follow-up counselling, provision of transport funds to clinic, and counsellor facilitation of HIV clinic visit) in addition to routine referral to facilitate linkage to care. Time intervals for ascertaining linkage ranged from 1 week to 12 months post-HBHCT. Linkage ranged from 8.2% [95% confidence interval (CI), 6.8%-9.8%] to 99.1% (95% CI, 96.9%-99.9%). Linkage was generally lower (<33%) if HBHCT was followed by referral only, and higher (>80%) if additional strategies were used. Only 1 study assessed linkage by means of a randomised trial. 5 studies had data on cotrimoxazole (CTX) prophylaxis and 12 on ART eligibility and initiation. CTX uptake among those eligible ranged from 0% to 100%. The proportion of persons eligible for ART ranged from 16.5% (95% CI, 12.1-21.8) to 77.8% (95% CI, 40.0-97.2). ART initiation among those eligible ranged from 14.3% (95% CI, 0.36%-57.9%) to 94.9% (95% CI, 91.3%-97.4%). Additional linkage strategies, whilst seeming to increase linkage, were not associated with higher uptake of CTX and/or ART. Most of the studies were susceptible to risk of outcome ascertainment bias. A pooled analysis was not performed because of heterogeneity across studies with regard to design, setting, and the key variable definitions. Only few studies from SSA investigated linkage to care among adults newly diagnosed with HIV through HBHCT. Linkage was often low after routine referral but higher if additional interventions were used to facilitate it. The effectiveness of linkage strategies should be confirmed through randomised controlled trials. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Population Studies (1974-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
PubMed ID: 28449385
Web of Science ID: 404866600003
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3860809

Available Versions of this Item

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
16Downloads
30Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item