Osteonecrosis complicating developmental dysplasia of the hip compromises subsequent acetabular remodeling


Roposch, A; Ridout, D; Protopapa, E; Nicolaou, N; Gelfer, Y; (2013) Osteonecrosis complicating developmental dysplasia of the hip compromises subsequent acetabular remodeling. Clinical orthopaedics and related research, 471 (7). pp. 2318-26. ISSN 0009-921X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-013-2804-2

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head secondary to treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) affects acetabular remodeling but the magnitude of this effect is unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Using four measures of acetabular development, we (1) determined whether acetabular remodeling differed in hips with and without osteonecrosis; and (2) determined the impact of severity of osteonecrosis contributing to acetabular remodeling. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 95 patients (118 hips) treated for DDH by closed or open reduction with or without femoral osteotomy between 1992 and 2006. We evaluated serial radiographs from the time when a stable reduction had been achieved. In 902 radiographs taken over 19 years, we measured the acetabular index and three other indices of hip development. Patients were followed for a mean of 8 years (range, 1-19 years). At last followup, 86 of the 118 hips (73%) had osteonecrosis according to the criteria by Bucholz and Ogden. RESULTS: The acetabular index improved with time in all hips but the magnitude of improvement was larger in hips without osteonecrosis. The adjusted mean acetabular index at 14 years was 17 degrees for hips with osteonecrosis (95% CI, 15 degrees -18 degrees ) and 10 degrees for hips without osteonecrosis (95% CI, 7 degrees -13 degrees ). The lateral centering ratio improved after reduction to a normal value less than 0.85 in both groups but the rate of change with 0.06 versus 0.05 was higher in hips with osteonecrosis. The superior centering ratio was worse at all times in hips with osteonecrosis with a mean difference of 0.04. If only radiographic changes of Grades II and greater were considered osteonecrosis, the mean adjusted acetabular index at 14 years was 17.7 degrees (15.6 degrees -19.7 degrees ) for hips with osteonecrosis and 12.4 degrees (10.3 degrees -14.4 degrees ) for hips without osteonecrosis. CONCLUSIONS: Although radiographic indices improved consistently with time in hips without osteonecrosis, hips with osteonecrosis had abnormal indices of acetabular remodeling throughout followup. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head inhibited acetabular remodeling. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, prognostic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Acetabulum/diagnostic imaging/*pathology, Adolescent, Adult, *Bone Remodeling, Chi-Square Distribution, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Femur Head Necrosis/diagnostic imaging/*etiology/pathology, Hip Dislocation, Congenital/complications/diagnostic imaging/pathology/*surgery, Humans, Male, Orthopedic Procedures/*adverse effects, Osteotomy/adverse effects, Radiography, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult, Acetabulum, diagnostic imaging, pathology, Adolescent, Adult, Bone Remodeling, Chi-Square Distribution, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Femur Head Necrosis, diagnostic imaging, etiology, pathology, Hip Dislocation, Congenital, complications, diagnostic imaging, pathology, surgery, Humans, Male, Orthopedic Procedures, adverse effects, Osteotomy, adverse effects, Radiography, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
PubMed ID: 23354465
Web of Science ID: 320067400042
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3601415

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