Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

GBD 2015 DALYs and HALE Collaborators; , COLLABORATORS; Kassebaum, NJ; Arora, M; Barber, RM; Bhutta, ZA; Brown, J; Carter, A; Casey, DC; Charlson, FJ; +602 more... Coates, MM; Coggeshall, M; Cornaby, L; Dandona, L; Dicker, DJ; Erskine, HE; Ferrari, AJ; Fitzmaurice, C; Foreman, K; Forouzanfar, MH; Fullman, N; Gething, PW; Goldberg, EM; Graetz, N; Haagsma, JA; Johnson, CO; Kemmer, L; Khalil, IA; Kinfu, Y; Kutz, MJ; Kyu, HH; Leung, J; Liang, X; Lim, SS; Lozano, R; Mensah, GA; Mikesell, J; Mokdad, AH; Mooney, MD; Naghavi, M; Nguyen, G; Nsoesie, E; Pigott, DM; Pinho, C; Rankin, Z; Reinig, N; Salomon, JA; Sandar, L; Smith, A; Sorensen, RJ; Stanaway, J; Steiner, C; Teeple, S; Thomas, BA; Troeger, C; VanderZanden, A; Wagner, JA; Wanga, V; Whiteford, HA; Zhou, M; Zoeckler, L; Abajobir, AA; Abate, KH; Abbafati, C; Abbas, KM; Abd-Allah, F; Abraham, B; Abubakar, I; Abu-Raddad, LJ; Abu-Rmeileh, NM; Achoki, T; Ackerman, IN; Adebiyi, AO; Adedeji, IA; Adsuar, JC; Afanvi, KA; Afshin, A; Agardh, EE; Agarwal, A; Agarwal, SK; Ahmed, MB; Kiadaliri, AA; Ahmadieh, H; Akseer, N; Al-Aly, Z; Alam, K; Alam, NK; Aldhahri, SF; Alegretti, MA; Aleman, AV; Alemu, ZA; Alexander, LT; Ali, R; Alkerwi, A; Alla, F; Allebeck, P; Alsharif, U; Altirkawi, KA; Martin, EA; Alvis-Guzman, N; Amare, AT; Amberbir, A; Amegah, AK; Amini, H; Ammar, W; Amrock, SM; Anderson, GM; Anderson, BO; Antonio, CA; Anwari, P; Ärnlöv, J; Arsenijevic, VS; Artaman, A; Asayesh, H; Asghar, RJ; Avokpaho, EF; Awasthi, A; Quintanilla, BP; Azzopardi, P; Bacha, U; Badawi, A; Balakrishnan, K; Banerjee, A; Barac, A; Barker-Collo, SL; Bärnighausen, T; Barregard, L; Barrero, LH; Basu, S; Bayou, TA; Beardsley, J; Bedi, N; Beghi, E; Bell, B; Bell, ML; Benjet, C; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berhane, A; Bernabé, E; Betsu, BD; Beyene, AS; Bhala, N; Bhansali, A; Bhatt, S; Biadgilign, S; Bienhoff, K; Bikbov, B; Bin Abdulhak, AA; Bisanzio, D; Bjertness, E; Blore, JD; Borschmann, R; Boufous, S; Bourne, RR; Brainin, M; Brazinova, A; Breitborde, NJ; Brugha, TS; Buchbinder, R; Buckle, GC; Butt, ZA; Calabria, B; Campos-Nonato, IR; Campuzano, JC; Carabin, H; Carapetis, JR; Cárdenas, R; Carrero, JJ; Castañeda-Orjuela, CA; Rivas, JC; Catalá-López, F; Cavalleri, F; Chang, JC; Chiang, PP; Chibalabala, M; Chibueze, CE; Chisumpa, VH; Choi, JJ; Choudhury, L; Christensen, H; Ciobanu, LG; Colistro, V; Colomar, M; Colquhoun, SM; Cortinovis, M; Crump, JA; Damasceno, A; Dandona, R; Dargan, PI; das Neves, J; Davey, G; Davis, AC; Leo, D; Degenhardt, L; Del Gobbo, LC; Derrett, S; Jarlais, DC; deVeber, GA; Dharmaratne, SD; Dhillon, PK; Ding, EL; Doyle, KE; Driscoll, TR; Duan, L; Dubey, M; Duncan, BB; Ebrahimi, H; Ellenbogen, RG; Elyazar, I; Endries, AY; Ermakov, SP; Eshrati, B; Esteghamati, A; Estep, K; Fahimi, S; Farid, TA; Farinha, CS; Faro, A; Farvid, MS; Farzadfar, F; Feigin, VL; Fereshtehnejad, SM; Fernandes, JG; Fernandes, JC; Fischer, F; Fitchett, JR; Foigt, N; Fowkes, FG; Franklin, RC; Friedman, J; Frostad, J; Fürst, T; Futran, ND; Gabbe, B; Gankpé, FG; Garcia-Basteiro, AL; Gebrehiwot, TT; Gebremedhin, AT; Geleijnse, JM; Gibney, KB; Gillum, RF; Ginawi, IA; Giref, AZ; Giroud, M; Gishu, MD; Godwin, WW; Gomez-Dantes, H; Gona, P; Goodridge, A; Gopalani, SV; Gotay, CC; Goto, A; Gouda, HN; Guo, Y; Gupta, R; Gupta, R; Gupta, V; Gutiérrez, RA; Hafezi-Nejad, N; Haile, D; Hailu, AD; Hailu, GB; Halasa, YA; Hamadeh, RR; Hamidi, S; Hammami, M; Handal, AJ; Hankey, GJ; Harb, HL; Harikrishnan, S; Haro, JM; Hassanvand, MS; Hassen, TA; Havmoeller, R; Hay, RJ; Hedayati, MT; Heredia-Pi, IB; Heydarpour, P; Hoek, HW; Hoffman, DJ; Horino, M; Horita, N; Hosgood, HD; Hoy, DG; Hsairi, M; Huang, H; Huang, JJ; Iburg, KM; Idrisov, BT; Innos, K; Inoue, M; Jacobsen, KH; Jauregui, A; Jayatilleke, AU; Jeemon, P; Jha, V; Jiang, G; Jiang, Y; Jibat, T; Jimenez-Corona, A; Jin, Y; Jonas, JB; Kabir, Z; Kajungu, DK; Kalkonde, Y; Kamal, R; Kan, H; Kandel, A; Karch, A; Karema, CK; Karimkhani, C; Kasaeian, A; Katibeh, M; Kaul, A; Kawakami, N; Kazi, DS; Keiyoro, PN; Kemp, AH; Kengne, AP; Keren, A; Kesavachandran, CN; Khader, YS; Khan, AR; Khan, EA; Khang, YH; Khoja, TA; Khubchandani, J; Kieling, C; Kim, CI; Kim, D; Kim, YJ; Kissoon, N; Kivipelto, M; Knibbs, LD; Knudsen, AK; Kokubo, Y; Kolte, D; Kopec, JA; Koul, PA; Koyanagi, A; Defo, BK; Kuchenbecker, RS; Bicer, BK; Kuipers, EJ; Kumar, GA; Kwan, GF; Lalloo, R; Lallukka, T; Larsson, A; Latif, AA; Lavados, PM; Lawrynowicz, AE; Leasher, JL; Leigh, J; Leung, R; Li, Y; Li, Y; Lipshultz, SE; Liu, PY; Liu, Y; Lloyd, BK; Logroscino, G; Looker, KJ; Lotufo, PA; Lucas, RM; Lunevicius, R; Lyons, RA; Razek, HM; Mahdavi, M; Majdan, M; Majeed, A; Malekzadeh, R; Malta, DC; Marcenes, W; Martinez-Raga, J; Masiye, F; Mason-Jones, AJ; Matzopoulos, R; Mayosi, BM; McGrath, JJ; McKee, M; Meaney, PA; Mehari, A; Melaku, YA; Memiah, P; Memish, ZA; Mendoza, W; Meretoja, A; Meretoja, TJ; Mesfin, YM; Mhimbira, FA; Miller, TR; Mills, EJ; Mirarefin, M; Mirrakhimov, EM; Mitchell, PB; Mock, CN; Mohammad, KA; Mohammadi, A; Mohammed, S; Monasta, L; Hernandez, JC; Montico, M; Moradi-Lakeh, M; Mori, R; Mueller, UO; Mumford, JE; Murdoch, ME; Murthy, GV; Nachega, JB; Naheed, A; Naldi, L; Nangia, V; Newton, JN; Ng, M; Ngalesoni, FN; Nguyen, QL; Nisar, MI; Pete, PM; Nolla, JM; Norheim, OF; Norman, RE; Norrving, B; Obermeyer, CM; Ogbo, FA; Oh, IH; Oladimeji, O; Olivares, PR; Olusanya, BO; Olusanya, JO; Oren, E; Ortiz, A; Ota, E; Oyekale, AS; Pa, M; Park, EK; Parsaeian, M; Patten, SB; Patton, GC; Pedro, JM; Pereira, DM; Perico, N; Pesudovs, K; Petzold, M; Phillips, MR; Piel, FB; Pillay, JD; Pishgar, F; Plass, D; Polinder, S; Popova, S; Poulton, RG; Pourmalek, F; Prasad, NM; Qorbani, M; Rabiee, RH; Radfar, A; Rafay, A; Rahimi, K; Rahimi-Movaghar, V; Rahman, M; Rahman, MH; Rahman, SU; Rai, D; Rai, RK; Rajsic, S; Raju, M; Ram, U; Ranganathan, K; Refaat, AH; Reitsma, MB; Remuzzi, G; Resnikoff, S; Reynolds, A; Ribeiro, AL; Ricci, S; Roba, HS; Rojas-Rueda, D; Ronfani, L; Roshandel, G; Roth, GA; Roy, A; Sackey, BB; Sagar, R; Sanabria, JR; Sanchez-Niño, MD; Santos, IS; Santos, JV; Sarmiento-Suarez, R; Sartorius, B; Satpathy, M; Savic, M; Sawhney, M; Schmidt, MI; Schneider, IJ; Schutte, AE; Schwebel, DC; Seedat, S; Sepanlou, SG; Servan-Mori, EE; Shahraz, S; Shaikh, MA; Sharma, R; She, J; Sheikhbahaei, S; Shen, J; Sheth, KN; Shibuya, K; Shigematsu, M; Shin, MJ; Shiri, R; Sigfusdottir, ID; Silva, DA; Silverberg, JI; Simard, EP; Singh, A; Singh, JA; Singh, PK; Skirbekk, V; Skogen, JC; Soljak, M; Søreide, K; Sorensen, RJ; Sreeramareddy, CT; Stathopoulou, V; Steel, N; Stein, DJ; Stein, MB; Steiner, TJ; Stovner, LJ; Stranges, S; Stroumpoulis, K; Sunguya, BF; Sur, PJ; Swaminathan, S; Sykes, BL; Szoeke, CE; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R; Tandon, N; Tanne, D; Tavakkoli, M; Taye, B; Taylor, HR; Ao, BJ; Tegegne, TK; Tekle, DY; Terkawi, AS; Tessema, GA; Thakur, JS; Thomson, AJ; Thorne-Lyman, AL; Thrift, AG; Thurston, GD; Tobe-Gai, R; Tonelli, M; Topor-Madry, R; Topouzis, F; Tran, BX; Dimbuene, ZT; Tsilimbaris, M; Tura, AK; Tuzcu, EM; Tyrovolas, S; Ukwaja, KN; Undurraga, EA; Uneke, CJ; Uthman, OA; van Gool, CH; van Os, J; Vasankari, T; Vasconcelos, AM; Venketasubramanian, N; Violante, FS; Vlassov, VV; Vollset, SE; Wagner, GR; Wallin, MT; Wang, L; Weichenthal, S; Weiderpass, E; Weintraub, RG; Werdecker, A; Westerman, R; Wijeratne, T; Wilkinson, JD; Williams, HC; Wiysonge, CS; Woldeyohannes, SM; Wolfe, CD; Won, S; Xu, G; Yadav, AK; Yakob, B; Yan, LL; Yano, Y; Yaseri, M; Ye, P; Yip, P; Yonemoto, N; Yoon, SJ; Younis, MZ; Yu, C; Zaidi, Z; Zaki, ME; Zeeb, H; Zodpey, S; Zonies, D; Zuhlke, LJ; Vos, T; Lopez, AD; Murray, CJ; (2016) Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet, 388 (10053). pp. 1603-1658. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31460-X

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