Geographic distribution of hospital beds throughout China: a county-level econometric analysis.


Pan, J; Shallcross, D; (2016) Geographic distribution of hospital beds throughout China: a county-level econometric analysis. International journal for equity in health, 15 (1). p. 179. ISSN 1475-9276 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-016-0467-9

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Abstract

Geographical distribution of healthcare resources is an important dimension of healthcare access. Little work has been published on healthcare resource allocation patterns in China, despite public equity concerns. Using national data from 2043 counties, this paper investigates the geographic distribution of hospital beds at the county level in China. We performed Gini coefficient analysis to measure inequalities and ordinary least squares regression with fixed provincial effects and additional spatial specifications to assess key determinants. We found that provinces in west China have the least equitable resource distribution. We also found that the distribution of hospital beds is highly spatially clustered. Finally, we found that both county-level savings and government revenue show a strong positive relationship with county level hospital bed density. We argue for more widespread use of disaggregated, geographical data in health policy-making in China to support the rational allocation of healthcare resources, thus promoting efficiency and equity.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
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PubMed ID: 27821181
Web of Science ID: 388526600001
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3093655

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