Urban South African adolescents' perceptions of their neighborhood socio-economic environments: the Birth to Twenty plus cohort study


Pradeilles, R; Rousham, EK; Norris, SA; Griffiths, PL; (2014) Urban South African adolescents' perceptions of their neighborhood socio-economic environments: the Birth to Twenty plus cohort study. Children Youth and Environments, 24 (3). pp. 173-200. ISSN 1546-2250 DOI: 10.7721/chilyoutenvi.24.3.0173

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Abstract

The Apartheid era led to major differences in the living conditions between population groups in South Africa. Subsequently, reforms have been implemented to reduce poverty and inequalities. This study aims to assess neighborhood and school socio-economic (SE) environments reported by adolescents to determine whether geographic and population group differences in the SE environment exist. Neighborhood SE status was assessed using a novel questionnaire adapted to the urban South African context. Black African and Mixed Ancestry participants lived in more deprived SE environments and reported studying in less favorable school environments compared to Whites. Among Black Africans, those living in Soweto versus metropolitan Johannesburg reported more deprived economic and school environments.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2997133

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