A Decade of Spore-Forming Bacterial Infections Among European Injecting Drug Users: Pronounced Regional Variation.


Hope, VD; Palmateer, N; Wiessing, L; Marongiu, A; White, J; Ncube, F; Goldberg, D; (2012) A Decade of Spore-Forming Bacterial Infections Among European Injecting Drug Users: Pronounced Regional Variation. American journal of public health, 102 (1). pp. 122-5. ISSN 0090-0036 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2011.300314

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Abstract

: The recent anthrax outbreak among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Europe has highlighted an ongoing problem with severe illness resulting from spore-forming bacteria in IDUs. We collated the numbers of cases of 4 bacterial illnesses (botulism, tetanus, Clostridium novyi, and anthrax) in European IDUs for 2000 to 2009 and calculated population rates. Six countries reported 367 cases; rates varied from 0.03 to 7.54 per million people. Most cases (92%) were reported from 3 neighboring countries: Ireland, Norway, and the United Kingdom. This geographic variation needs investigation.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 22095355
Web of Science ID: 298449400023
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/28803

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