Systematic review of reviews of observational studies of school-level effects on sexual health, violence and substance use.


Shackleton, N; Jamal, F; Viner, R; Dickson, K; Hinds, K; Patton, G; Chris, B; (2016) Systematic review of reviews of observational studies of school-level effects on sexual health, violence and substance use. Health & place, 39. pp. 168-76. ISSN 1353-8292 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.04.002

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Abstract

: For three decades there have been reports that the quality of schools affects student health. The literature is diverse and reviews have addressed different aspects of how the school environment may affect health. This paper is the first to synthesise this evidence using a review of reviews focusing on substance-use, violence and sexual-health. Twelve databases were searched. Eleven included reviews were quality-assessed and synthesised narratively. There is strong evidence that schools' success in engaging students is associated with reduced substance use. There is little evidence that tobacco-control policies and school sexual-health clinics on their own are associated with better outcomes.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 27126364
Web of Science ID: 376515600021
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2551424

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