Extra-Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease May Be Less Common Than Previously Reported.

Card, TR; Langan, SM; Chu, TP; (2016) Extra-Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease May Be Less Common Than Previously Reported. Digestive diseases and sciences. ISSN 0163-2116 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-016-4195-1

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Extra-intestinal manifestations are well recognized in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To what extent the commonly recognized extra-intestinal manifestations seen in IBD patients are attributable to IBD is, however, not clear due to the limited number of controlled studies published. We have conducted a study of these manifestations using electronic primary care records. We have identified extra-intestinal manifestations in IBD and non-IBD patients and derived odds ratios (ORs) using conditional logistic regression. A total of 56,097 IBD patients (32.5 % Crohn's disease, 48.3 % ulcerative colitis (UC) and 19.2 % not classified) were matched to 280,382 non-IBD controls. We found records of pyoderma gangrenosum (OR = 29.24), erythema nodosum (OR = 5.95), primary sclerosing cholangitis (OR = 188.25), uveitis (OR = 2.81), ankylosing spondylitis (OR = 7.07), sacroiliitis (OR = 2.79) and non-rheumatoid inflammatory arthritides (OR = 2.66) to be associated with IBD. One or more of these was recorded in 8.1 % of IBD patients and 2.3 % of controls. Non-specific arthritides were present in many more patients, affecting 30 % of IBD patients and 23.8 % of controls overall. We also found weaker associations with a number of conditions not generally considered to be extra-intestinal manifestations including psoriasis, ischemic heart disease, multiple sclerosis and hay fever. Although "classical" extra-intestinal manifestations are strongly associated with IBD, most IBD patients remain unaffected. Arthropathies, perceived to be the commonest extra-intestinal manifestation, are not strongly associated with IBD, and the proportion of arthropathies attributable to IBD is likely to be small.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: EHR Research Group
PubMed ID: 27193564
Web of Science ID: 381992700022
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2549765

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