Framing, ideology and evidence: Uganda's HIV success and the development of PEPFAR's 'ABC' policy for HIV prevention


Parkhurst, JO; (2012) Framing, ideology and evidence: Uganda's HIV success and the development of PEPFAR's 'ABC' policy for HIV prevention. Evidence & policy, 8 (1). pp. 17-36. ISSN 1744-2648 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1332/174426412x620119

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Abstract

Cognitive framing theories explain how individuals understand and apply information in relation to existing experiences and beliefs. Yet these theories have rarely been applied to explore the interpretation and application of evidence in policy development. This paper undertakes a critical discourse analysis of interviews and texts surrounding a highly contested United States policy for international HIV prevention. Analysis illustrates that, rather than speaking for itself, evidence is defined by framing processes, with competing interpretations found to reflect internal consistency with core beliefs about sexual behaviour This illustrates the importance of making explicit the roles that belief systems play in shaping how evidence is used in policy development.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Web of Science ID: 300597000003
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/24046

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