Mental health interventions in schools in low-income and middle-income countries.


Fazel, M; Patel, V; Thomas, S; Tol, W; (2014) Mental health interventions in schools in low-income and middle-income countries. The lancet Psychiatry, 1 (5). pp. 388-98. ISSN 2215-0366 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(14)70357-8

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Abstract

Increasing enrolment rates could place schools in a crucial position to support mental health in low-income and middle-income countries. In this Review, we provide evidence for mental health interventions in schools in accordance with a public mental health approach spanning promotion, prevention, and treatment. We identified a systematic review for mental health promotion, and identified further prevention and treatment studies. Present evidence supports schools as places for promotion of positive aspects of mental health using a whole-school approach. Knowledge of effectiveness of prevention and treatment interventions is more widely available for conflict-affected children and adolescents. More evidence is needed to identify the many elements likely to be associated with effective prevention and treatment for children exposed to a range of adversity and types of mental disorders. Dissemination and implementation science is crucial to establish how proven effective interventions could be scaled up and implemented in schools.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Research Centre: EHR Research Group
Centre for Global Mental Health
PubMed ID: 26361001
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2299106

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