Vitamin d intake, month the mammogram was taken and mammographic density in norwegian women aged 50-69.


Ellingjord-Dale, M; Dos-Santos-Silva, I; Grotmol, T; Kaur Sakhi, A; Hofvind, S; Qureshi, S; Skov Markussen, M; Couto, E; Vos, L; Ursin, G; (2015) Vitamin d intake, month the mammogram was taken and mammographic density in norwegian women aged 50-69. PLoS One, 10 (5). e0123754. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123754

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Abstract

The role of vitamin D in breast cancer etiology is unclear. There is some, but inconsistent, evidence that vitamin D is associated with both breast cancer risk and mammographic density (MD). We evaluated the associations of MD with month the mammogram was taken, and with vitamin D intake, in a population of women from Norway-a country with limited sunlight exposure for a large part of the year. 3114 women aged 50-69, who participated in the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) in 2004 or 2006/07, completed risk factor and food frequency (FFQ) questionnaires. Dietary and total (dietary plus supplements) vitamin D, calcium and energy intakes were estimated by the FFQ. Month when the mammogram was taken was recorded on the mammogram. Percent MD was assessed using a computer assisted method (Madena, University of Southern California) after digitization of the films. Linear regression models were used to investigate percent MD associations with month the mammogram was taken, and vitamin D and calcium intakes, adjusting for age, body mass index (BMI), study year, estrogen and progestin therapy (EPT), education, parity, calcium intakes and energy intakes. There was no statistical significant association between the month the mammogram was taken and percent MD. Overall, there was no association between percent MD and quartiles of total or dietary vitamin D intakes, or of calcium intake. However, analysis restricted to women aged <55 years revealed a suggestive inverse association between total vitamin D intake and percent MD (p for trend = 0.03). Overall, we found no strong evidence that month the mammogram was taken was associated with percent MD. We found no inverse association between vitamin D intake and percent MD overall, but observed a suggestive inverse association between dietary vitamin D and MD for women less than 55 years old.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 25938768
Web of Science ID: 353943000012
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2167233

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