Hospital care of children with a cleft in England.


Fitzsimons, KJ; Copley, LP; Deacon, SA; van der Meulen, JH; (2013) Hospital care of children with a cleft in England. Archives of disease in childhood, 98 (12). pp. 970-4. ISSN 0003-9888 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-304271

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE To analyse hospital admissions in the first 2 years of life among children with cleft lip and/or palate in England. DESIGN Analysis of national administrative data of hospital admissions. SETTING National Health Service hospitals. PATIENTS Patients born alive between 1997 and 2008 who underwent surgical cleft repair. OUTCOME MEASURES Number of admissions, including the birth episode, and days spent in hospital were examined. Children were analysed according to cleft type and whether or not they had additional congenital anomalies. RESULTS 10 892 children were included. In their first 2 years, children without additional anomalies (n=8482) had on average 3.2 admissions and 13.2 days in hospital, which varied from 2.6 admissions and 9.2 days with cleft lip to 4.7 admissions and 19.7 days with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP). Children with additional anomalies (n=2410) had on average 6.7 admissions and 51.4 days in hospital, which varied from 6.4 admissions and 48.5 days with cleft palate to 8.8 admissions and 67.5 days with BCLP. The mean number and duration of cleft-related admissions was similar in children without (1.6 admissions and 6.4 days) and in those with additional anomalies (1.5 admissions and 8.5 days). 35.2% of children without additional anomalies had at least one emergency admission, whereas the corresponding figure was 67.3% with additional anomalies. CONCLUSIONS The burden of hospital care in the first 2 years of life varied according to cleft type and presence of additional anomalies. However, cleft-specific hospital care did not differ between children with and without additional anomalies.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
PubMed ID: 23968774
Web of Science ID: 329897400013
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1918103

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