Identification of human-derived volatile chemicals that interfere with attraction of the Scottish biting midge and their potential use as repellents.


Logan, JG; Seal, NJ; Cook, JI; Stanczyk, NM; Birkett, MA; Clark, SJ; Gezan, SA; Wadhams, LJ; Pickett, JA; Mordue, AJ; (2009) Identification of human-derived volatile chemicals that interfere with attraction of the Scottish biting midge and their potential use as repellents. Journal of medical entomology, 46 (2). pp. 208-19. ISSN 0022-2585 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/033.046.0205

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

The Scottish biting midge, Culicoides impunctatus (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), is a major pest in Scotland, causing a significant impact to the Scottish tourist and forestry industries. C. impunctatus is a generalist feeder, preferring to feed on large mammals, and is notorious for its attacks on humans. Until now, there was anecdotal evidence for differential attraction of female host-seeking C. impunctatus to individual human hosts, and the mechanism for this phenomenon was unknown. Using extracts of human odor collected by air entrainment, electroantennogram recordings to identify the physiologically active components, followed by behavioral assays, we show, for the first time, the differential attraction of female C. impunctatus to human odors and the chemical basis for this phenomenon. Certain chemicals, found in greater amounts in extracts that cause low attractiveness to midges, elicit a repellent effect in laboratory assays and repellency trials in the field. Differences in the production of these natural human-derived compounds could help to explain differential "attractiveness" between different human hosts. A mixture of two compounds in particular, 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one and geranylacetone [(E)-6,10-dimethylundeca-5,9-dien-2-one], showed significant repellency (87, 77.4, 74.2, and 31.6% at hours 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively) in the field and have the potential to be developed as novel repellents.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
PubMed ID: 19351071
Web of Science ID: 264164800005
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1752

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
327Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item