The senX3-regX3 two-component regulatory system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is required for virulence


Parish, T; Smith, DA; Roberts, G; Betts, J; Stoker, NG; (2003) The senX3-regX3 two-component regulatory system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is required for virulence. Microbiology (Reading, England), 149. pp. 1423-1435. ISSN 1350-0872 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.26245-0

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Abstract

Two-component regulatory systems have been widely implicated in bacterial virulence. To investigate the role of one such system in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a strain was constructed in which the senX3-regX3 system was deleted by homologous recombination. The mutant strain (Tame15) showed a growth defect after infection of macrophages and was attenuated in both immunodeficient and immunocompetent mice. Competitive hybridization of total RNA from the wild-type and mutant strains to a whole-genome microarray was used to identify changes in gene expression resulting from the deletion. One operon was highly up-regulated in the mutant, indicating that regX3 probably has a role as a repressor of this operon. Other genes which were up- or down-regulated were also identified. Many of the genes showing down-regulation are involved in normal growth of the bacterium, indicating that the mutant strain is subject to some type of growth slow-down or stress. Genes showing differential expression were further grouped according to their pattern of gene expression under other stress conditions. From this analysis 50 genes were identified which are the most likely to be controlled by RegX3. Most of these genes are of unknown function and no obvious motifs were found upstream of the genes identified. Thus, it has been demonstrated that the senX3-regX3 two-component system is involved in the virulence of M. tuberculosis and a number of genes controlled by this system have been identified.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
PubMed ID: 12777483
Web of Science ID: 183621600006
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/16517

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