Presence of human T-cell responses to the Mycobacterium leprae 45-kilodalton antigen reflects infection with or exposure to M. leprae
MacFarlane, A; Mondragon-Gonzalez, R; Vega-Lopez, F; Wieles, B; de Pena, J; Rodriguez, O; Suarez Y de la Torre, R; de Vries, RR; Ottenhoff, TH; Dockrell, H; (2001) Presence of human T-cell responses to the Mycobacterium leprae 45-kilodalton antigen reflects infection with or exposure to M. leprae. Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology, 8 (3). pp. 604-11. ISSN 1071-412X DOI: 10.1128/CDLI.8.3.604-611.2001Full text not available from this repository.
The ability of the 45-kDa serine-rich Mycobacterium leprae antigen to stimulate peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) production was measured in leprosy patients, household contacts, and healthy controls from areas of endemicity in Mexico. Almost all the tuberculoid leprosy patients gave strong PBMC proliferation responses to the M. leprae 45-kDa antigen (92.8%; n = 14). Responses were lower in lepromatous leprosy patients (60.6%; n = 34), but some responses to the 45-kDa antigen were detected in patients unresponsive to M. leprae sonicate. The proportion of positive responses to the M. leprae 45-kDa antigen was much higher in leprosy contacts (88%; n = 17) than in controls from areas of endemicity (10%; n = 20). None of 15 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis gave a positive proliferation response to the 45-kDa antigen. The 45-kDa antigen induced IFN-gamma secretion similar to that induced by the native Mycobacterium tuberculosis 30/31-kDa antigen in tuberculoid leprosy patients and higher responses than those induced by the other recombinant antigens (M. leprae 10- and 65-kDa antigens, thioredoxin, and thioredoxin reductase); in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis it induced lower IFN-gamma secretion than the other recombinant antigens. These results suggest that the M. leprae 45-kDa antigen is a potent T-cell antigen which is M. leprae specific in these Mexican donors. This antigen may therefore have diagnostic potential as a new skin test reagent or as an antigen in a simple whole-blood cytokine test.
|Faculty and Department:||Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection|
|Keywords:||Antigens, Bacterial/*immunology, Biological Markers, Human, Interferon Type II/immunology, Leprosy/diagnosis/*immunology, Lymphocyte Activation, Mycobacterium leprae/*immunology, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, T-Lymphocytes/*immunology, Antigens, Bacterial, immunology, Biological Markers, Human, Interferon Type II, immunology, Leprosy, diagnosis, immunology, Lymphocyte Transformation, Mycobacterium leprae, immunology, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, T-Lymphocytes, immunology|
|Web of Science ID:||168664400025|
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