Effect of influenza vaccination on excess deaths occurring during periods of high circulation of influenza: cohort study in elderly people.


Armstrong, BG; Mangtani, P; Fletcher, A; Kovats, RS; McMichael, A; Pattenden, S; Wilkinson, P; (2004) Effect of influenza vaccination on excess deaths occurring during periods of high circulation of influenza: cohort study in elderly people. BMJ (Clinical research ed), 329 (7467). p. 660. ISSN 0959-8138 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.38198.594109.AE

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the protection against death provided by vaccination against influenza. DESIGN: Prospective cohort follow up supplemented by weekly national counts of influenza confirmed in the community. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 24,535 patients aged over 75 years from 73 general practices in Great Britain. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Death. RESULTS: In unvaccinated members of the cohort daily all cause mortality was strongly associated with an index of influenza circulating in the population (mortality ratio 1.16, 95% confidence interval 1.04 to 1.29 at 90th centile of circulating influenza). The association was strongest for respiratory deaths but was also present for cardiovascular deaths. In contrast, in vaccinated people mortality from any cause was not associated with circulating influenza. The difference in patterns between vaccinated and unvaccinated people could not easily be due to chance (P = 0.02, all causes). CONCLUSIONS: This study, using a novel and robust approach to control for confounding, provides robust evidence of a protective effect on mortality of vaccination against influenza.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Vaccine Centre
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 15313884
Web of Science ID: 224042300021
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/14499

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