Combining Vaccination and Postexposure CpG Therapy Provides Optimal Protection Against Lethal Sepsis in a Biodefense Model of Human Melioidosis


Easton, A; Haque, A; Chu, KR; Patel, N; Lukaszewski, RA; Krieg, AM; Titball, RW; Bancroft, GJ; (2011) Combining Vaccination and Postexposure CpG Therapy Provides Optimal Protection Against Lethal Sepsis in a Biodefense Model of Human Melioidosis. The Journal of infectious diseases, 204 (4). pp. 636-644. ISSN 0022-1899 DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jir301

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Abstract

The Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, a major cause of lethal sepsis and morbidity in endemic areas of Southeast Asia and a potential bioterrorism threat. We have used susceptible BALB/c mice to evaluate the potential of targeting vaccination and generic immunotherapy to the lung for optimal protection against respiratory challenge. Intranasal vaccination with live attenuated B. pseudomallei increased survival and induced interferon-gamma-secreting T cells in the lung. Intranasal delivery of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides also provided significant protection; however, combining preexposure vaccination with CpG treatment at the time of infection or up to 18 hours after infection, provided significantly greater protection than either treatment alone. This combination prolonged survival, decreased bacterial loads by > 1000-fold, and delayed the onset of sepsis. This novel approach may be applicable to other potential biodefense agents for which existing countermeasures are not fully effective.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: burkholderia-pseudomallei infection, pseudomonas-pseudomallei, murine, model, capsular polysaccharide, mice, dna, immunization, tuberculosis, resistance, challenge
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
Research Centre: Vaccine Centre
PubMed ID: 21791666
Web of Science ID: 293304400021
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/127

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