The effect of prime age adult mortality on household composition and consumption in rural Ethiopia


Kadiyala, S; Rogers, B; Quisumbing, A; Webb, P; (2011) The effect of prime age adult mortality on household composition and consumption in rural Ethiopia. Food policy, 36 (5). pp. 647-655. ISSN 0306-9192 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2011.06.003

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Abstract

Using panel data from Ethiopia covering 1994-1997, we estimate the impact of prime age adult mortality on household composition, household expenditures and dietary diversity. We employed propensity score matching with a difference-in-difference estimator to control for endogeneity of mortality to the outcomes of interest. Households losing a productive adult did not replenish the lost labor, regardless of economic status, sex or status of the deceased adult. With the exception of non-poor households, adult mortality resulted in increased dependency ratios, but did not adversely affect households' expenditure patterns (total, food and non-food expenditures) regardless of the sex and position of the deceased and the economic status of the households. Although food expenditures were protected, a decline in dietary diversity, especially among the poorest households, reflected increased nutrition insecurity associated with adult mortality. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Web of Science ID: 295656600011
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1217145

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