Accuracy of referencing in the ophthalmic literature

Buchan, JC; Norris, J; Kuper, H; (2005) Accuracy of referencing in the ophthalmic literature. American journal of ophthalmology, 140 (6). pp. 1146-1148. ISSN 0002-9394 DOI:

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PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency of citation and quotation errors in the ophthalmic literature. DESIGN: Analysis of 200 references from 100 papers published in 10 ophthalmic journals. METHODS: A sample of 20 references was randomly selected from each of the 10 journals and each reference was checked for accuracy. Quotations were categorized as totally, partially, or not accurate. RESULTS: There were 35 citation errors in 32 references, only four of which were errors in PubMed. Thirty quotations of references were not accurate; 20 were partially accurate. CONCLUSIONS: Citation and quotation errors are relatively common within the ophthalmic literature. This may be improved through technical editing.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Documentation, standards, Humans, Ophthalmology, standards, statistics & numerical data, Periodicals, standards, statistics & numerical data, Publishing, standards, statistics & numerical data, Quality Control, Reproducibility of Results, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
Research Centre: The International Centre for Evidence in Disability
International Centre for Eye Health
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 16376672
Web of Science ID: 234475900035


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