Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development and testing.


Maia, MF; Moore, SJ; (2011) Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development and testing. Malar J, 10 Suppl 1. S11. ISSN 1475-2875 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-S1-S11

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Abstract

ABSTRACT : Plant-based repellents have been used for generations in traditional practice as a personal protection measure against host-seeking mosquitoes. Knowledge on traditional repellent plants obtained through ethnobotanical studies is a valuable resource for the development of new natural products. Recently, commercial repellent products containing plant-based ingredients have gained increasing popularity among consumers, as these are commonly perceived as "safe" in comparison to long-established synthetic repellents although this is sometimes a misconception. To date insufficient studies have followed standard WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme guidelines for repellent testing. There is a need for further standardized studies in order to better evaluate repellent compounds and develop new products that offer high repellency as well as good consumer safety. This paper presents a summary of recent information on testing, efficacy and safety of plant-based repellents as well as promising new developments in the field.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
Research Centre: Malaria Centre
PubMed ID: 21411012
Web of Science ID: 290229700011
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1188

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