Characterising socio-economic inequalities in exposure to air pollution: A comparison of socio-economic markers and scales of measurement.


Goodman, A; Wilkinson, P; Stafford, M; Tonne, C; (2011) Characterising socio-economic inequalities in exposure to air pollution: A comparison of socio-economic markers and scales of measurement. Health & place, 17 (3). pp. 767-74. ISSN 1353-8292 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.02.002

[img]
Preview
Text - Accepted Version
License:

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

: This study examines traffic-related air pollution in London in relation to area- and individual-level socio-economic position (SEP). Mean air pollution concentrations were generally higher in postcodes of low SEP as classified by small-area markers of deprivation (Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) domains) and by the postcode-level ACORN geodemographic marker. There were exceptions, however, including reversed directions of associations in central London and for SEP markers relating to education. ACORN predicted air pollution independently of IMD and explained additional variation at the postcode level, indicating the potential value of using both markers in air pollution epidemiology studies. By contrast, after including IMD and ACORN there remained little relationship between air pollution and individual-level SEP or smoking, suggesting limited residual socio-economic confounding in epidemiological studies with comprehensive area-level adjustment.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Transport & Health Group
PubMed ID: 21398166
Web of Science ID: 291419300008
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1178

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
338Downloads
367Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item