Measuring Abdominal Adipose Tissue: Comparison of Simpler Methods with MRI


Browning, LM; Mugridge, O; Dixon, AK; Aitken, SW; Prentice, AM; Jebb, SA; (2011) Measuring Abdominal Adipose Tissue: Comparison of Simpler Methods with MRI. Obesity facts, 4 (1). pp. 9-15. ISSN 1662-4025 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000324546

[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
License:

Download (180kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective: This cross-sectional study compares the relationship of visceral and total abdominal adipose tissue (VAT and TAAT) measurements obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a range of 'simpler' techniques suitable for field or bedside use: BMI, waist circumference (WC), bioelectrical impedance (BIA) devices and dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Method: 120 participants were recruited, stratified by gender and BMI (20 men and 20 women within each group: lean, overweight and obese). Measurements included height, weight, WC (at midpoint), DXA L2-L4 fat, and BIA (two whole-body and one abdominal device). MRI was used as the reference. Results: MRI data showed that men have more VAT than women, (mean 147 vs. 93 cm(2)) despite less TAAT (362 vs. 405 cm(2)). Correlations of simpler abdominal fat measures showed significantly higher correlations with TAAT than with VAT in men and women. Similarly, trunk and whole-body fat measures were significantly more strongly correlated with TAAT than with VAT. Conclusion: None of the simpler techniques show strong correlations with VAT measured by MRI, but WC, abdominal BIA 'visceral fat level' and DXA L2-L4 fat all show similar and strong correlations with TAAT and may be useful in large scale surveys.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: MRI, Obesity, Abdominal obesity, Abdominal adipose tissue, Central, obesity, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY, WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE, VISCERAL FAT, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, ALL-CAUSE, RISK, WOMEN, OBESITY, MEN
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 21372606
Web of Science ID: 288368000003
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1034

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
4Downloads
312Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item