Genetically modified Plasmodium parasites as a protective experimental malaria vaccine.


Mueller, AK; Labaied, M; Kappe, SH; Matuschewski, K; (2005) Genetically modified Plasmodium parasites as a protective experimental malaria vaccine. Nature, 433 (7022). pp. 164-7. ISSN 0028-0836 DOI: 10.1038/nature03188

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Abstract

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that is transmitted by inoculation of the Plasmodium parasite sporozoite stage. Sporozoites invade hepatocytes, transform into liver stages, and subsequent liver-stage development ultimately results in release of pathogenic merozoites. Liver stages of the parasite are a prime target for malaria vaccines because they can be completely eliminated by sterilizing immune responses, thereby preventing malarial infection. Using expression profiling, we previously identified genes that are only expressed in the pre-erythrocytic stages of the parasite. Here, we show by reverse genetics that one identified gene, UIS3 (upregulated in infective sporozoites gene 3), is essential for early liver-stage development. uis3-deficient sporozoites infect hepatocytes but are unable to establish blood-stage infections in vivo, and thus do not lead to disease. Immunization with uis3-deficient sporozoites confers complete protection against infectious sporozoite challenge in a rodent malaria model. This protection is sustained and stage specific. Our findings demonstrate that a safe and effective, genetically attenuated whole-organism malaria vaccine is possible.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
Research Centre: Vaccine Centre
PubMed ID: 15580261
Web of Science ID: 226252200039
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/9775

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