The identification of two protective DNA vaccines from a panel of five plasmid constructs encoding Brucella melitensis 16M genes


Commander, NJ; Spencer, SA; Wren, BW; MacMillan, AP; (2007) The identification of two protective DNA vaccines from a panel of five plasmid constructs encoding Brucella melitensis 16M genes. Vaccine, 25 (1). pp. 43-54. ISSN 0264-410X DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2006.07.046

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Abstract

Five candidate genes from the Brucella melitensis 16M genome were selected. Eukaryotic expression plasmids encoding these antigens were constructed and expression was verified in vitro from transfected Cos7 cells. Each vaccine was assessed for protective efficacy in a BALB/c mouse brucellosis infection model. From these experiments two protective DNA vaccines were identified: p-omp25 and p-ialB. The Omp25 antigen (BMEI1249) has previously been studied in terms of Brucella virulence, serodiagnosis and as a protective antigen. However, this study represents the first report of a significant protective effect achieved against B. melitensis 16M challenge using the Omp25 antigen in a DNA vaccine approach. The other protective vaccine identified in this study was p-ialB. The ialB candidate (BMEI 1584) was selected based upon its' putative function as an invasion protein which was assigned due to shared identity with the invasion protein B (ialB) of Bartonella bacilliformis. This candidate has not previously been investigated with regard to Brucella virulence or pathogenesis. This study is the first report to identify the Brucella invasion protein B (BMEI 1584) as a novel protective antigen for brucellosis. Crown Copyright (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Brucella, DNA vaccine, OUTER-MEMBRANE PROTEIN, CHROMOSOMAL VIRULENCE GENE, BALB/C MICE, IMMUNE-RESPONSE, IMMUNOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION, AGROBACTERIUM-TUMEFACIENS, SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE, T-CELLS, ABORTUS, INFECTION, Acid Anhydride Hydrolases, administration & dosage, genetics, immunology, Animals, Antibodies, Bacterial, blood, Antigens, Bacterial, administration & dosage, genetics, immunology, Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins, administration & dosage, genetics, immunology, Bacterial Proteins, administration & dosage, genetics, immunology, Bacterial Vaccines, administration & dosage, immunology, Brucella melitensis, genetics, immunology, pathogenicity, Brucellosis, immunology, prevention & control, COS Cells, Cercopithecus aethiops, Disease Models, Animal, Humans, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Plasmids, Vaccines, DNA, administration & dosage, immunology
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
Research Centre: Vaccine Centre
PubMed ID: 17049676
Web of Science ID: 243471500008
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/9612

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