Using GIS in explaining spatial distribution of brucellosis in an endemic district in Iran


Haghdoost, AA; Kawaguchi, L; Mirzazadeh, A; Rashidi, H; Sarafinejad, A; Baniasadi, AR; Davies, C; (2007) Using GIS in explaining spatial distribution of brucellosis in an endemic district in Iran. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 36 (1). pp. 27-34. ISSN 0304-4556

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Abstract

Background: To check the feasibility of using geographical information system (GIS) methods, we linked the brucellosis data of human and animals. Methods: In a village-based ecological study in Bardsir - a district in Kerman Province located nearly to the central part of Iran - data of human brucellosis, socio-economic level, and livestock characteristics (2001-3) were linked by using GIS methods. Results: Annual incidence of human brucellosis was 141.6 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Most of the high risk villages were seen in the north and south of Bardsir (3.6% of villages). A positive association was observed between the frequency of brucellosis and density of cattle (OR = 1.81, P = 0.007). In addition, the size of human population was an independent determinant factor (OR = 1.94, P < 0.001). No association was found between frequency of the disease and socio-economic indicators and also the density of sheep. Conclusion: Our study showed that we could generate informative risk maps of brucellosis using health and veterinary data which might improve the quality of control programme in Iran.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: risk map, GIS, human brucellosis, livestock, Iran
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
Web of Science ID: 245064300004
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/9543

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