Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation reduces peripheral blood mononuclear cell interleukin-2 production in healthy middle-aged males


Mullen, A; Moloney, F; Nugent, AP; Doyle, L; Cashman, KD; Roche, HM; (2007) Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation reduces peripheral blood mononuclear cell interleukin-2 production in healthy middle-aged males. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 18 (10). pp. 658-66. ISSN 0955-2863 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2006.12.008

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Abstract

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) refers to geometric and positional isomers of linoleic acid. Animal studies have shown that CLA modulates the immune system and suggest that it may have a therapeutic role in inflammatory disorders. This double-blind placebo-controlled intervention trial investigated the effects of CLA supplementation on indices of immunity relating to cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a cohort of healthy middle-aged male volunteers. Subjects were randomly assigned to supplement their diet with 2.2 g 50:50 isomeric blend of cis 9, trans 11 (c9, t11)-CLA and trans 10, cis 12 (t10, c12)-CLA or placebo daily for 8 weeks. Interleukin (IL) 2, IL-10 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha were measured in the supernatant of cultured unstimulated and concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by ELISA. Serum IL-6 and plasma CRP were measured by ELISA and plasma fibrinogen by automated clotting assay. Gene expression was investigated by real-time RT-PCR. CLA supplementation significantly reduced Con A-stimulated PBMC IL-2 secretion (37.1%; P=.02). CLA supplementation had no significant effect on transcription of IL-2. CLA supplementation had no direct significant effects on PBMC TNFalpha or IL-10 secretion. Other inflammatory markers associated with CVD, including IL-6, CRP and fibrinogen, were not affected by CLA supplementation. This study showed that CLA supplementation reduced PBMC IL-2 secretion from Con A-stimulated PBMC but lacked effect on other markers of the human inflammatory response.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
PubMed ID: 17368881
Web of Science ID: 249859900003
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/8994

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