High frequency of tuberculosis in households of index TB patients


Claessens, NJM; Gausi, FF; Meijnen, S; Weismuller, MM; Salaniponi, FM; Harries, AD; (2002) High frequency of tuberculosis in households of index TB patients. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease, 6 (3). pp. 266-9. ISSN 1027-3719

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Abstract

A case-control study was carried out in 44 non-private hospitals in Malawi which register and treat patients with tuberculosis (TB), to determine whether households of index TB patients had an increased frequency of TB compared with households where no TB had been diagnosed. Interviews were conducted in 770 smear-positive PTB patients and 918 control patients from antenatal, orthopaedic or surgical wards. TB patients and controls came from households which were similar in terms of type of house, household cash income and family size. In the previous 12 months, 52 (7%) TB patients had household members who developed TB compared with 11 (1%) control patients (OR 5.97, 95%CI 2.99-12.21). Of 2766 household members of TB patients, 56 had developed TB in the previous 12 months (frequency = 2024/100,000), which was significantly higher than the 11/4121 household members of control patients (frequency = 343/100,000, P < 0.001). There is a higher frequency of TB in households of index TB patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Case-Control Studies, Family Health, Female, Humans, Incidence, Malawi, Male, Middle Aged, Serologic Tests, Tuberculosis, Pulmonary, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Case-Control Studies, Family Health, Female, Humans, Incidence, Malawi, epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, Serologic Tests, Tuberculosis, Pulmonary, epidemiology, transmission
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 11934145
Web of Science ID: 174776300013
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/8894

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