Short communication: Detecting depression after pregnancy: the validity of the K10 and K6 in Burkina Faso.


Baggaley, RF; Ganaba, R; Filippi, V; Kere, M; Marshall, T; Sombié, I; Storeng, KT; Patel, V; (2007) Short communication: Detecting depression after pregnancy: the validity of the K10 and K6 in Burkina Faso. Tropical medicine & international health, 12 (10). pp. 1225-9. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01906.x

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

Objective The K10 and K6 are short rating scales designed to detect individuals at risk for depressive disorder, with or without anxiety. Despite being widely used, they have not yet been validated for detecting postnatal depression. We describe the validity of these scales for the detection of postnatal depression in Burkina Faso. Method The English language version of the K10 questionnaire was translated into West African French and local languages for use in Burkina Faso. Scores for 61 women were compared with the diagnostic interview made by a local psychiatrist within 3 days of administering the K10. Results Clinical assessment found that 27 (44%) women were probable cases of depression. Internal consistency of K10 and K6 scores, defined by Cronbach's alpha coefficient, was 0.87 and 0.78, respectively, indicating satisfactory reliability. The performance of the scores was not significantly different, with areas under the curve of 0.77 and 0.75 for the K10 and K6, respectively. To estimate prevalence of depression, we suggest cut-offs of >/=14 for the K10 and between >/=9 and >/=11 for the K6 for identifying women at high risk of depression. At >/=14, the K10 has 59% sensitivity, 91% specificity; at >/=10, the K6 has 59% sensitivity and 85% specificity. Conclusion This study suggests that K10 and K6 are reasonably valid measures of depression among postpartum women in Burkina Faso and can be used as relatively cheap tools for estimating prevalence of postnatal depression in developing countries.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Research Centre: Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
Maternal Health Group
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 17956505
Web of Science ID: 250920300012
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/8690

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
317Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item