Trends in child mortality: a prospective, population-based cohort study in a rural population in south-west Uganda


Zhang, L; Maher, D; Munyagwa, M; Kasamba, I; Levin, J; Biraro, S; Grosskurth, H; (2013) Trends in child mortality: a prospective, population-based cohort study in a rural population in south-west Uganda. Paediatrics and international child health, 33 (1). pp. 23-31. ISSN 2046-9047 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1179/2046905512Y.0000000041

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Abstract

Background: Although there has been substantial global progress in decreasing child mortality over the past two decades, progress in sub-Saharan Africa has largely lagged behind. The temporal trends in child mortality and associated risk factors were investigated in a cohort of children in rural Uganda. Methods: Information on children's vital status, delivery, breastfeeding, vaccination history, maternal vital and HIV status, and children's HIV status for 1993-2007 was retrieved from the Medical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute's (MRC/UVRI) Annual Population Census and Survey in Uganda. Regression models were employed to assess the association of these factors with child mortality. Results: From 1993 to 2007, the death rate (/1000 person-years) in children,13 years of age decreased significantly from 16 to six. Apart from neonates, age-specific death rates fell in all age-groups. A reduction since 1999 in the risk of child mortality was associated with vaccination, birth in a health facility, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, 2-3 years since the previous sibling's birth, maternal vital status, and negative mother and child HIV serostatus. Although HIV seropositive children had a 26-fold increased risk of death before 13 years of age, HIV prevalence in children was about 1% and so had a small overall impact on child mortality. Conclusion: These findings are consistent with those of repeated national cross-sectional surveys. Meeting the Millennium Development Goals for child survival in sub-Saharan Africa depends on faster progress in implementing measures to improve birth-spacing, safe delivery in health facilities, infant feeding practices and vaccination coverage.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Tropical Epidemiology Group
PubMed ID: 23485492
Web of Science ID: 316053100005
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/856679

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