Ethnic Differences in Patterns of Occupational Exposure in New Zealand


Eng, A; T Mannetje, A; Ellison-Loschmann, L; McLean, D; Cheng, S; Pearce, N; (2011) Ethnic Differences in Patterns of Occupational Exposure in New Zealand. American journal of industrial medicine, 54 (5). pp. 410-418. ISSN 0271-3586 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.20934

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Abstract

Objectives To investigate the differences in occupational exposure between Maori (New Zealand's indigenous people) and non-Maori. Methods Participants were randomly selected from the Electoral Roll. Exposure to occupational risk factors was assessed through telephone interviews and exposure prevalences of Maori (n = 273) and non-Maori (n = 2,724) were compared. Subsequently, Maori were matched with non-Maori on current occupation (n = 482) to assess whether ethnic differences also exist within occupations. Results Maori were more likely to report exposure to physical strain (e. g., lifting, standing). Part of these differences remained when Maori were compared with non-Maori in the same job. In addition, Maori women were twice as likely to categorize their job as very or extremely stressful than non-Maori women in the same job, while Maori men were twice as likely to report exposure to dust. Conclusion Marked ethnic differences exist in risk factors for occupational ill-health, due to both occupational distribution and the distribution of tasks within occupations. Am. J. Ind. Med. 54: 410-418, 2011. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: occupational exposures, ethnicity, ethnic differences, Maori, workforce, survey, epidemiology, UNITED-STATES, RACIAL-DISCRIMINATION, HEALTH DISPARITIES, MORTALITY-RATES, FATAL INJURY, JOB STRESS, WORK, HAZARDS, MAORI, RISK
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 21328416
Web of Science ID: 289214000009
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/847

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