The Acceptability, Feasibility, and Effectiveness of a Population-based Intervention to Promote Youth Health: An Exploratory Study in Goa, India


Balaji, M; Andrews, T; Andrew, G; Patel, V; (2011) The Acceptability, Feasibility, and Effectiveness of a Population-based Intervention to Promote Youth Health: An Exploratory Study in Goa, India. The Journal of adolescent health, 48 (5). pp. 453-460. ISSN 1054-139X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.07.029

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of a population-based intervention to promote health of youth (age: 16-24 years) in Goa. Methods: Two pairs of urban and rural communities were selected; one of each was randomly assigned to receive a multi-component intervention and the other wait-listed. The intervention comprised educational institution-based peer education and teacher training (in the urban community), community peer education, and health information materials. Effectiveness was assessed through before-after population surveys at baseline and at 18 months. Outcomes were measured using a structured interview schedule with all eligible youth. Logistic regression compared each pair, adjusted for baseline differences, on prevalence of outcomes in the domains of reproductive and sexual health (RSH), violence, mental health, substance use, and help seeking for health concerns. Results: In both intervention communities, prevalence of violence perpetrated and probable depression was significantly lower and knowledge and attitudes about RSH significantly higher (p < .05). The rural sample also reported fewer menstrual complaints and higher levels of help-seeking for RSH complaints by women, and knowledge and attitudes about emotional health and substance use; and, the urban sample reported significantly lower levels of substance use, suicidal behavior, sexual abuse, and RSH complaints. Although information materials were acceptable and feasible in both communities, community peer education was feasible only in the rural community. The institution-based interventions were generally acceptable and feasible. Conclusions: Multicomponent interventions comprising information materials, educational-institution interventions and, in rural contexts, community peer interventions are acceptable and feasible and likely to be effective for youth health promotion. (C) 2011 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Population-based intervention, Youth, India, SCHOOL-BASED INTERVENTION, LED SEX-EDUCATION, YOUNG-PEOPLE, PREVENTION, PROGRAM, PEER EDUCATION, ADOLESCENTS, AIDS, COMMUNITY, WOMEN, ZIMBABWE
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Research Centre: Centre for Global Mental Health
Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 21501803
Web of Science ID: 289558500006
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/824

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