What impact has England's teenage pregnancy strategy had on young people's knowledge of and access to contraceptive services?


French, RS; Mercer, CH; Kane, R; Kingori, P; Stephenson, JM; Wilkinson, P; Grundy, C; Lachowycz, K; Jacklin, P; Stevens, M; Brooker, S; Wellings, K; (2007) What impact has England's teenage pregnancy strategy had on young people's knowledge of and access to contraceptive services? The Journal of adolescent health , 41 (6). pp. 594-601. ISSN 1054-139X DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.06.006

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Abstract

Purpose: To describe young people's knowledge and use of contraceptive services over initial stages of England's Teenage Pregnancy Strategy, and to investigate factors associated with use of different services. Methods: A random location sample of young people aged 13-21 years (n = 8879) was interviewed in 12 waves over 2000-2004. Individual data were analysed to investigate factors associated with knowledge and use of contraceptive services and to observe trends over time. Area-level data were analyzed to explore differences in key variables. Results: In all, 77% of young women and 65% of young men surveyed knew a service they could use to obtain information about sex. Amongst those who had had vaginal sexual intercourse, the most common source of contraceptive supplies was general practice for young women (54%) and commercial venues for young men (54%). Young women's use of school-based services to obtain supplies increased significantly from 15.4% in Year I to 24.4% in Year 4, p <.001. Young men's use of the commercial sector declined significantly over the same time period (60.3% to 50.6%, p =.002), while their use of general practice and family planning clinics increased (from 8.9% to 12.4%, p =.008, and 21.2% to 29. 1 %, p =.054, respectively). Use of family planning clinics and designated young people's clinics was associated with first vaginal intercourse before the 16th birthday and living in a deprived area. Conclusions: Young people's patterns of contraceptive service use have changed since implementation of the Strategy; although no increase in overall service use was observed. The contribution of schoolbased services needs further exploration. (c) 2007 Society for Adolescent Medicine. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Contraceptive Agents, supply & distribution, Contraceptive Devices, supply & distribution, England, Family Planning Services, standards, supply & distribution, utilization, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Health Services Accessibility, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Poverty Areas, Pregnancy, Pregnancy in Adolescence, prevention & control, statistics & numerical data, School Health Services, Sexual Behavior
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 18023789
Web of Science ID: 251377800013
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/7902

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