Risk of low Apgar score and socioeconomic position: a study of Swedish male births.

Odd, DE; Doyle, P; Gunnell, D; Lewis, G; Whitelaw, A; Rasmussen, F; (2008) Risk of low Apgar score and socioeconomic position: a study of Swedish male births. Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway, 97 (9). pp. 1275-80. ISSN 0803-5253 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.00862.x

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AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal socioeconomic position and a persistent low Apgar score (a score of < 7 at 1 and 5 min following birth). METHODS: The research is based on a population cohort study of 183,637 males born in Sweden between 1973 and 1976. Data from the Medical Birth Register were linked to Population and Housing Censuses. RESULTS: There was evidence that mothers working in non-manual (Odds ratio (OR) 0.83 (0.72-0.97)) and self-employed (OR 0.64 (0.44-0.93)) occupations were less likely to have an infant with a low Apgar score, compared to manual workers. There was evidence that the risk of a low Apgar score decreased as the mother's level of education increased, if the infant was born by instrumental (OR 0.86 (0.74-0.99)) or caesarean section (OR 0.80 (0.68-0.93)) delivery, but not by unassisted vaginal delivery (OR 1.01 (0.92-1.10)). CONCLUSION: There was a lower risk of poor birth condition in male infants born to more educated and non-manual/self-employed mothers. These differences may contribute to our understanding of socioeconomic differences in infant health and development although the results may not be applicable due to changes over the last 30 years.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 18489620
Web of Science ID: 258277400025
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/7411


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