Causes of blindness among children identified through village key informants in Malawi


Kalua, K; Patel, D; Muhit, M; Courtright, P; (2008) Causes of blindness among children identified through village key informants in Malawi. Canadian journal of ophthalmology Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie, 43 (4). pp. 425-427. ISSN 0008-4182 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/i08-084

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Abstract

Background: To determine the causes of blindness among children in rural Malawi. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of children in communities of Chikwawa district, Malawi. Children were identified through trained, community-based key informants. All identified children were examined by an ophthalmologist and the cause of blindness determined. Results: In total, 151 children were identified, of whom 37 (25%) were blind. Among the blind, 21 (60%) were girls and 16 (40%) were boys. Cataract (congenital/developmental) was the leading cause of blindness (35%), followed by corneal conditions (22%).n.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
Research Centre: Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
The International Centre for Evidence in Disability
International Centre for Eye Health
PubMed ID: 18711455
Web of Science ID: 258854000006
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/6876

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