Using infectious intestinal disease surveillance data to explore illness aetiology; a cryptosporidiosis case study


Lake, LR; Nichols, G; Harrison, FCD; Bentham, G; Kovats, RS; Grundy, C; Hunter, PR; (2009) Using infectious intestinal disease surveillance data to explore illness aetiology; a cryptosporidiosis case study. Health & place, 15 (1). pp. 333-339. ISSN 1353-8292 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.06.005

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Abstract

Infectious intestinal disease (IID) surveillance data are an under-utilised information source on illness geography. This paper uses a case Study of cryptosporidiosis in England and Wales to demonstrate how these data can be converted into area-based rates and the factors underlying illness geography investigated. Ascertainment bias is common in surveillance datasets, and we develop techniques to investigate and control this. Rural areas, locations with many livestock and localities with poor water treatment had elevated levels of cryptosporidiosis. These findings accord with previous research validating the techniques developed. Their use in future studies investigating IID geography is therefore recommended. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Surveillance data, GIS, Crypsorpodisiodis, Environment, Water supply, SPORADIC CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS, GENERAL-PRACTICE, ENGLAND
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
Web of Science ID: 261636300040
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/6014

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